Vocabulary list for JLPT N2

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adverbial noun, noun (temporal)
year before last
All readings:
一昨年【おととし】
一昨年【いっさくねん】
おと年【おととし】

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to raise, to elevate
2.
to do up (one's hair)
3.
to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.)
4.
to land (a boat)
5.
to deep-fry(only relevant for 揚げる)
6.
to show someone (into a room)
7.
to give(polite language, usually kana)(only relevant for 上げる)
8.
to send someone (away)
9.
to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll
10.
to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve
11.
to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice)
12.
to earn (something desirable)
13.
to praise
14.
to give (an example, etc.), to cite(usu. 挙げる)
15.
to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.)(usu. 挙げる)
16.
to arrest(only relevant for 挙げる)
17.
to nominate(only relevant for 挙げる)
18.
to summon (for geishas, etc.)(usually kana)(only relevant for 揚げる)
19.
to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.)(only relevant for 上げる)
20.
to bear (a child)
21.
to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding)(usu. 挙げる)
Ichidan verb, intransitive verb
22.
(of the tide) to come in
Ichidan verb, intransitive verb, transitive verb
23.
to vomit
auxiliary verb, Ichidan verb
24.
to do for (the sake of someone else)(usually kana, polite language)(after the -te form of a verb)
25.
to complete ...(after the -masu stem of a verb)
26.
to humbly do ...(humble language)(after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility)
All readings:
上げる【あげる】
挙げる【あげる】
揚げる【あげる】

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to raise, to elevate
2.
to do up (one's hair)
3.
to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.)
4.
to land (a boat)
5.
to deep-fry(only relevant for 揚げる)
6.
to show someone (into a room)
7.
to give(polite language, usually kana)(only relevant for 上げる)
8.
to send someone (away)
9.
to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll
10.
to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve
11.
to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice)
12.
to earn (something desirable)
13.
to praise
14.
to give (an example, etc.), to cite(usu. 挙げる)
15.
to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.)(usu. 挙げる)
16.
to arrest(only relevant for 挙げる)
17.
to nominate(only relevant for 挙げる)
18.
to summon (for geishas, etc.)(usually kana)(only relevant for 揚げる)
19.
to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.)(only relevant for 上げる)
20.
to bear (a child)
21.
to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding)(usu. 挙げる)
Ichidan verb, intransitive verb
22.
(of the tide) to come in
Ichidan verb, intransitive verb, transitive verb
23.
to vomit
auxiliary verb, Ichidan verb
24.
to do for (the sake of someone else)(usually kana, polite language)(after the -te form of a verb)
25.
to complete ...(after the -masu stem of a verb)
26.
to humbly do ...(humble language)(after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility)
All readings:
上げる【あげる】
挙げる【あげる】
揚げる【あげる】

Godan-ru verb (irregular), intransitive verb
1.
to be, to exist, to live(usually kana)(usu. of inanimate objects)
2.
to have(usually kana)
3.
to be located(usually kana)
4.
to be equipped with(usually kana)
5.
to happen, to come about(usually kana)
All readings:
ある《有る》
ある《在る》

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in)(usu. 勤める)
2.
to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of)(usu. 務める)
3.
to conduct a religious service(usu. 勤める)
All readings:
勤める【つとめる】
務める【つとめる】

Godan-ru verb, intransitive verb
1.
to stop (moving), to come to a stop
2.
to stop (doing, working, being supplied), to come to a halt, to cease, to be stopped, to be suspended
3.
to alight, to perch on
All readings:
止まる【とまる】
留まる【とまる】
停まる【とまる】
駐まる【とまる】
止る【とまる】
留る【とまる】

adjective
1.
long (distance)(only relevant for 長い)
2.
long (time), lengthy
All readings:
長い【ながい】
永い【ながい】

Godan-ru verb, intransitive verb
1.
to ascend, to go up, to climb
2.
to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise(usu. 昇る)
3.
to go to (the capital)
4.
to be promoted
5.
to add up to
6.
to advance (in price)
7.
to swim up (a river), to sail up
8.
to come up (on the agenda)
Other readings:
登る【のぼる】
昇る【のぼる】
陞る【のぼる】[1]
Notes:
  1. word containing out-dated kanji

adjective
1.
round, circular, spherical(丸い usu. refers to ball-shaped, and 円い to disc-shaped objects)
2.
curved, smooth
3.
harmonious, calm, peaceful, amiable, amicable
All readings:
丸い【まるい】
丸い【まろい】[1]
円い【まるい】
円い【まろい】[1]
Notes:
  1. out-dated or obsolete kana usage

Godan-tsu verb, intransitive verb
1.
to stand, to rise, to stand up(only relevant for 立つ)
2.
to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position)(only relevant for 立つ)
3.
to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)(usu. 発つ)
All readings:
立つ【たつ】
発つ【たつ】

Godan-bu verb, intransitive verb
1.
to fly, to soar(esp. 飛ぶ)
2.
to jump, to leap, to spring, to bound, to hop(esp. 跳ぶ)
3.
to spatter, to scatter, to splash, to fly (e.g. of sparks)
4.
to hurry, to rush
5.
to flee, to run off, to escape
6.
to disappear, to vanish, to fade, to thin out
7.
to break off, to come off, to fall off, to blow (of a fuse)
8.
to be sent out (of an order), to fly (of false rumours, catcalls, etc.)
9.
to come flying (of a punch, kick, etc.)
10.
to be missing (of a page, stitch, etc.), to skip, to jump (e.g. of a conversation)
All readings:
飛ぶ【とぶ】
跳ぶ【とぶ】
翔ぶ【とぶ】[1]
Notes:
  1. word containing out-dated kanji

Godan-u verb, intransitive verb
1.
to meet, to encounter, to see(逢う is often used for close friends, etc. and may be associated with drama or pathos; 遭う may have an undesirable nuance)
2.
to have an accident, to have a bad experience(usually kana)(esp. 遭う when in kanji)
All readings:
会う【あう】
逢う【あう】
遭う【あう】
遇う【あう】

Ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1.
to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outing), to leave, to depart, to start, to set out
2.
to be about to leave, to be just going out
All readings:
出かける【でかける】
出掛ける【でかける】

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to attach, to join, to add, to append, to affix, to stick, to glue, to fasten, to sew on, to apply (ointment)
2.
to furnish (a house with)
3.
to wear, to put on
4.
to keep a diary, to make an entry
5.
to appraise, to set (a price)
6.
to allot, to budget, to assign
7.
to bring alongside
8.
to place (under guard or doctor)
9.
to follow, to shadow
10.
to load, to give (courage to)
11.
to keep (an eye on)
12.
to establish (relations or understanding)
13.
to turn on (light)
See also:点ける
14.
to produce flowers, to produce fruit(of a plant)
All readings:
付ける【つける】
着ける【つける】
附ける【つける】

adverb
considerably, greatly, a lot(usually kana)
All readings:
だいぶ《大分》
だいぶん《大分》

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to soak (in), to steep, to dip, to dunk
2.
to pickle, to preserve (in salt, vinegar, etc.)(only relevant for 漬ける)
All readings:
漬ける【つける】
浸ける【つける】

Godan-su verb, transitive verb
1.
to search for, to look for, to hunt for, to seek(esp. 探す for something desired and 捜す for something lost)
2.
to search (a house, pocket, etc.), to search through, to rummage in (e.g. a drawer), to fish around
All readings:
探す【さがす】
捜す【さがす】

adjective
1.
soft, tender, pliant, supple, limber, limp
2.
gentle, mild, mellow
3.
informal, light, flexible (e.g. thinking)
All readings:
柔らかい【やわらかい】
軟らかい【やわらかい】
柔かい【やわらかい】[1]
Notes:
  1. irregular okurigana usage

Ichidan verb, intransitive verb
to increase, to multiply(殖える usu. refers to population growth or capital appreciation)
See also:減る (antonym)
All readings:
増える【ふえる】
殖える【ふえる】

adjective
1.
hard, solid, tough(esp. 固い and 堅い for wood, 硬い for metal and stone)
2.
stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing)
3.
strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved)
4.
safe, steady, honest, steadfast
5.
obstinate, stubborn
6.
bookish, formal, stuffy
See also:砕けた (antonym)
All readings:
硬い【かたい】
固い【かたい】
堅い【かたい】
緊い【かたい】[1]
Notes:
  1. word containing irregular kanji usage

adjective
1.
hard, solid, tough(esp. 固い and 堅い for wood, 硬い for metal and stone)
2.
stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing)
3.
strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved)
4.
safe, steady, honest, steadfast
5.
obstinate, stubborn
6.
bookish, formal, stuffy
See also:砕けた (antonym)
All readings:
硬い【かたい】
固い【かたい】
堅い【かたい】
緊い【かたい】[1]
Notes:
  1. word containing irregular kanji usage

Godan-su verb, transitive verb
1.
to cure, to heal(usu. 治す)
2.
to fix, to correct, to repair(usu. 直す)
auxiliary verb
3.
to do over again(after -masu base of verb; usu. 直す)
4.
to replace, to put back as it was(Kansai-ben (dialect), Kyoto-ben (dialect))(usu. 直す)
5.
to convert (into a different state), to transform(usu. 直す)
Other readings:
直す【なおす】

Ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1.
to get used to, to grow accustomed to, to become familiar with(esp. 慣れる)
2.
to become skilled in, to become experienced at(esp. 慣れる)
3.
to become tame, to become domesticated(esp. 馴れる)
Ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
4.
to get used to doing(after the -masu stem of a verb)
All readings:
慣れる【なれる】
馴れる【なれる】

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to throw away, to cast away, to dump, to discard
2.
to abandon, to desert, to leave
3.
to give up, to resign
All readings:
捨てる【すてる】
棄てる【すてる】

noun
1.
feast, treating (someone)(polite language)
See also:馳走
auxillary suru verb
2.
to treat (someone, e.g. to a meal)
All readings:
ご馳走【ごちそう】
御馳走【ごちそう】

noun
1.
machine, mechanism
2.
instrument, appliance, apparatus(often 器械)
All readings:
機械【きかい】
器械【きかい】

noun
joy, delight, rapture, pleasure, gratification, rejoicing, congratulations, felicitations
All readings:
喜び【よろこび】
歓び【よろこび】
慶び【よろこび】
悦び【よろこび】

noun
1.
moat, fosse
2.
canal, ditch
Other readings:
【ほり】
【ほり】

noun
1.
meeting, rendezvous, encounter
2.
confluence(esp. 出合い, 出合)
All readings:
出会い【であい】
出逢い【であい】
出合い【であい】
出会【であい】
出合【であい】
出遭い【であい】

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to furnish with, to equip with, to provide, to install
2.
to prepare for, to make preparations for, to make provision for
3.
to possess (all that is needed), to be endowed with, to be equipped with
4.
to be born with, to have since birth
All readings:
備える【そなえる】
具える【そなえる】

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to cross over, to cross, to pass through, to pass over (out of), to go beyond, to go past(esp. 越える)
2.
to exceed, to surpass, to be more (than)(esp. 超える)
All readings:
越える【こえる】
超える【こえる】

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to place on (something)
2.
to give (someone) a ride, to give a lift, to pick up, to help on board(esp. 乗せる)
3.
to load (luggage), to carry, to take on board(esp. 載せる)
4.
to send out (on the airwaves, etc.)
5.
to deceive, to take for a ride
6.
to (sing) along with (musical accompaniment)
7.
to let (someone) take part
8.
to excite (someone)
9.
to publish (an article), to run (an ad)(only relevant for 載せる)
All readings:
乗せる【のせる】
載せる【のせる】

Godan-tsu verb
1.
to shoot (at)(usu. 撃つ)
2.
to attack, to defeat, to destroy, to avenge
All readings:
撃つ【うつ】
討つ【うつ】
射つ【うつ】[1]
Notes:
  1. word containing irregular kanji usage

noun
1.
space, room, gap, emptiness
2.
vacancy, opening, empty seat
noun, no-adjective
3.
free time, time to spare
4.
disuse, unused thing
All readings:
空き【あき】
明き【あき】

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to dedicate, to make an offering, to pay (fees)
2.
to supply
3.
to store
4.
to finish, to bring to a close
5.
to restore (something to its place)
6.
to achieve (e.g. a result)
All readings:
収める【おさめる】
納める【おさめる】

Godan-ru verb, transitive verb
1.
to measure, to weigh, to survey, to time (sound, gauge, estimate)
2.
to conjecture, to infer, to surmise
All readings:
計る【はかる】
測る【はかる】
量る【はかる】

Godan-ru verb, transitive verb
1.
to measure, to weigh, to survey, to time (sound, gauge, estimate)
2.
to conjecture, to infer, to surmise
All readings:
計る【はかる】
測る【はかる】
量る【はかる】

Ichidan verb, transitive verb
1.
to replace(usu. 替える)
2.
to exchange, to interchange(usu. 換える)
3.
to substitute(usu. 代える)
All readings:
換える【かえる】
替える【かえる】
代える【かえる】

Ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1.
to stretch, to extend, to lengthen, to grow (of hair, height, grass, etc.)
2.
to straighten out, to be flattened, to become smooth
3.
to spread (of paint, cream, etc.)
4.
to stretch out (e.g. of a hand), to extend
5.
to lose elasticity, to become slack, to become soggy (e.g. noodles)
6.
to make progress, to develop, to expand, to increase, to improve(only relevant for 伸びる)
7.
to be exhausted, to be groggy, to pass out, to collapse(only relevant for 伸びる)
8.
to be prolonged (meeting, life span, etc.), to be extended (e.g. deadline), to lengthen (e.g. of the days)(only relevant for 延びる)
9.
to be postponed, to be delayed, to be put off(only relevant for 延びる)
All readings:
伸びる【のびる】
延びる【のびる】

Godan-su verb
1.
to cross over (e.g. mountain), to go across
2.
to get over (e.g. hardship)
3.
to pass time (e.g. a winter)
4.
to surpass, to be better than, to exceed(often 超す)
5.
to move house
6.
to go, to come(honorific language)
See also:お越し
All readings:
越す【こす】
超す【こす】

Godan-su verb, transitive verb
1.
to grow long (e.g. hair, nails)(esp. 伸ばす)
2.
to lengthen, to extend, to stretch
3.
to reach out, to hold out(esp. 伸ばす)
4.
to straighten, to smooth out
5.
to spread evenly (dough, cream, etc.)
6.
to dilute, to thin out
7.
to postpone(esp. 延ばす)
8.
to prolong
9.
to strengthen, to develop, to expand
All readings:
伸ばす【のばす】
延ばす【のばす】

adverb, to-adverb, auxillary suru verb
1.
tightly, closely(onomatopia)(ぴったし is col.)
2.
exactly, precisely(onomatopia)
3.
suddenly (stopping)(onomatopia)
adverb, to-adverb, auxillary suru verb, na-adjective
4.
perfectly (suited), ideally(onomatopia)
All readings:
ぴったり
ピッタリ
ぴたり
ピタリ
ぴったし
ピッタシ

noun, auxillary suru verb, no-adjective
revision, amendment, alteration

noun, no-adjective
standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
All readings:
基準【きじゅん】
規準【きじゅん】

noun, no-adjective
standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
Other readings:
規準【きじゅん】

noun, auxillary suru verb
strengthening, intensifying, reinforcement, enhancement, solidification

noun
structure, construction, makeup, framework, organization, pattern

noun, auxillary suru verb
1.
(cultural) exchange, interchange, interaction, (inter-) mingling, (social, etc.) networking, intercourse
2.
alternating current, AC

noun
1.
posture, pose, position, stance, carriage (of the body)
2.
attitude, approach, stance

noun
1.
circumference, outskirts, environs, around, in the area of, in the vicinity of
2.
(computer) peripheral(computer term)
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