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Vocabulary list for JLPT N4

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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
踏む ふむ
fumu
  1. Godan-mu verb transitive verb to step on, to tread on
  2. to experience, to undergo
  3. to estimate, to value, to appraise
  4. to rhyme
  5. archaism to inherit (the throne, etc.)
  6. to follow (rules, morals, principles, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
プレゼント
purezento
  1. noun present, gift
  2. auxillary suru verb to give a present or gift
文化 ぶんか
bunka
  1. noun culture, civilization, civilisation
  2. Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
文学 ぶんがく
bungaku
noun literature
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
文法 ぶんぽう
bunpou
noun no-adjective linguistics grammar, syntax
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
べつ
betsu
no-adjective na-adjective noun noun (suffix) noun (prefix) distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
ベル
beru
  1. noun bell
  2. bel, B
へん
hen
  1. na-adjective noun strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy
  2. unexpected
  3. change
  4. incident, disturbance, disaster, accident
  5. noun (prefix) flat (music)
Common word
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返事 へんじ
henji
noun auxillary suru verb reply, answer, response
Common word
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貿易 ぼうえき
boueki
noun auxillary suru verb trade (foreign)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
放送 ほうそう
housou
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective broadcast, broadcasting
Common word
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法律 ほうりつ
houritsu
noun no-adjective law
Common word
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ぼく
boku
  1. pronoun no-adjective male term I, me
  2. you (used addressing young children)
  3. manservant
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
ほし
hoshi
  1. noun star, any light-emitting (or reflecting) heavenly body (except for the sun and the moon)
  2. slang suspect (police slang)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
ほど
hodo
  1. adverbial noun noun degree, extent, bounds, limit
  2. particle usually kana indicates approx. amount or maximum, upper limit
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
殆ど ほとんど
hotondo
adverbial noun noun (temporal) usually kana mostly, nearly, practically, well-nigh, almost invariably, all but, just about, almost
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
褒める ほめる
homeru
Ichidan verb transitive verb to praise, to admire, to speak well
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
翻訳 ほんやく
honyaku
  1. noun auxillary suru verb translation
  2. de-encryption, deciphering
  3. rendering
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
参る まいる
mairu
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb humble language to go, to come, to call
  2. to be defeated, to collapse, to die
  3. to be annoyed, to be nonplussed
  4. to be madly in love
  5. to visit (shrine, grave)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
負ける まける
makeru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to lose, to be defeated
  2. to succumb, to give in, to surrender, to yield
  3. to be inferior to
  4. to break out in a rash due to (e.g. lacquer, shaving, etc.)
  5. Ichidan verb transitive verb to reduce the price, to lower the price, to give a discount on
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
真面目 まじめ
majime
na-adjective noun diligent, serious, honest, sober, grave, earnest, steady
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
先ず まず
mazu
  1. adverb usually kana first (of all), to start with, about, almost, anyway, well, now
  2. hardly (with neg. verb)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
又は または
mataha
conjunction Expression usually kana or, otherwise
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
まち
machi
  1. noun town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood
  2. street, road
  3. 109.09 m
  4. 0.99 hectares
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
間違える まちがえる
machigaeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to make a mistake (in), to commit an error (e.g. in calculation)
  2. to confuse, to mistake something for something else
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
間に合う まにあう
maniau
  1. Godan-u verb to be in time for
  2. to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
ママ
mama
  1. noun Mama
  2. female proprietress (of a bar, etc.)
回る まわる
mawaru
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to turn, to revolve
  2. to visit several places
  3. to function well
  4. to pass a certain time
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
真ん中 まんなか
mannaka
noun middle, centre, center, mid-way
Common word
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見える みえる
mieru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to be seen, to be in sight
  2. to look, to seem, to appear
  3. honorific language to come
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
みずうみ
mizuumi
noun lake
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
見つかる みつかる
mitsukaru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb usually kana to be found, to be discovered
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
見つける みつける
mitsukeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to discover, to find (e.g. an error in a book), to come across, to detect, to spot
  2. to locate, to find (e.g. something missing), to find fault
  3. to be used to seeing, to be familiar with
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
みなと
minato
noun harbour, harbor, port
Common word
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向かう むかう
mukau
  1. Godan-u verb intransitive verb to face
  2. to go towards
Common word
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迎える むかえる
mukaeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to go out to meet
  2. to receive, to welcome
  3. to accept (e.g. as a member of a group or family)
  4. to call for, to summon, to invite
  5. to approach (a certain time, a point in one's life, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
むかし
mukashi
no-adjective adverbial noun noun (temporal) olden days, former
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
むし
mushi
noun insect, bug, cricket, moth, worm
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
息子 むすこ
musuko
  1. noun son
  2. vulgar penis
Common word
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むすめ
musume
  1. noun (my) daughter
  2. girl (i.e. a young, unmarried woman)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
召し上がる めしあがる
meshiagaru
Godan-ru verb transitive verb honorific language to eat
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
珍しい めずらしい
mezurashii
  1. adjective unusual, rare, curious
  2. new, novel
  3. fine (e.g. gift)
Common word
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申す もうす
mousu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb humble language to say, to be called
  2. humble language to do
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
もう直ぐ もうすぐ
mousugu
Expression usually kana very soon
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
若し もし
moshi
adverb usually kana if, in case, supposing
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
勿論 もちろん
mochiron
adverb usually kana of course, certainly, naturally
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
最も もっとも
mottomo
adverb most, extremely
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
戻る もどる
modoru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
木綿 もめん
momen
  1. noun cotton (material)
  2. usually kana red silk-cotton tree (Bombax ceiba)
Common word
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貰う もらう
morau
  1. Godan-u verb transitive verb usually kana to receive, to take, to accept
  2. to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
もり
mori
  1. noun forest
  2. shrine grove
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
焼く やく
yaku
  1. Godan-ku verb transitive verb to bake, to grill
  2. to develop (photos)
  3. Godan-ku verb intransitive verb to suntan
  4. to burn (in flames, down, CD, DVD, etc.), to scorch
  5. to be jealous, to be envious
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
約束 やくそく
yakusoku
  1. noun auxillary suru verb arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement
  2. convention, rule
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
役に立つ やくにたつ
yakunitatsu
Godan-tsu verb to be helpful, to be useful
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
焼ける やける
yakeru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to burn, to be roasted, to be heated, to be sunburnt, to fade (in the sun), to glow red (i.e. of the sky at sunset)
  2. to be jealous, to be envious
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
痩せる やせる
yaseru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb usually kana to become thin, to lose weight, to reduce (one's) weight, to slim
  2. to be barren, to be infertile, to be sterile
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
やっと
yatto
  1. adverb onomatopia at last, at length
  2. onomatopia barely, narrowly, just, by the skin of one's teeth
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
止む やむ
yamu
Godan-mu verb intransitive verb to cease, to stop, to be over
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
柔らかい やわらかい
yawarakai
adjective soft, tender, limp
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +

yu
  1. noun hot water
  2. hot bath, hot spring
  3. molten iron
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
夕飯 ゆうはん
yuuhan
noun evening meal
Common word
JLPT N4JLPT N5ADD +
輸出 ゆしゅつ
yushutsu
  1. noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective na-adjective export
  2. efferent (medical)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
輸入 ゆにゅう
yunyuu
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective importation, import, introduction
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
ゆび
yubi
noun finger, toe, digit
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
指輪 ゆびわ
yubiwa
noun (finger) ring
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
ゆめ
yume
noun dream
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
揺れる ゆれる
yureru
Ichidan verb intransitive verb to shake, to sway
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
よう
you
  1. noun noun (suffix) task, business
  2. use, duty, service
  3. call of nature, excretion
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
よう
you
  1. noun (suffix) noun usually kana appearing ..., looking ...
  2. way to ..., method of ...ing
  3. form, style, design
  4. like, similar to
  5. noun thing (thought or spoken)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
用意 ようい
youi
noun auxillary suru verb preparation, arrangements, provision, getting ready, laying out (e.g. a meal)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
用事 ようじ
youji
noun tasks, things to do, errand, business (to take care of), affairs, engagement
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
汚れる よごれる
yogoreru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to get dirty, to become dirty
  2. to become sullied, to become corrupted, to lose one's chastity
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
予習 よしゅう
yoshuu
noun auxillary suru verb preparation for a lesson
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
予定 よてい
yotei
noun auxillary suru verb plans, arrangement, schedule, program, programme, expectation, estimate
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
予約 よやく
yoyaku
  1. noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective reservation, appointment, booking, advance order
  2. contract, subscription, pledge
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
寄る よる
yoru
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to approach, to draw near, to come near, to be close to
  2. to gather (in one place), to come together, to meet
  3. to stop by (while on one's way to another place), to drop by, to make a short visit
  4. to grow old, to grow high (number, etc.)
  5. to grow (wrinkly)
  6. to lean against, to recline on
  7. sumo term to push one's opponent while holding their belt
  8. to decide on a price and come to a deal
  9. archaism to be swayed by (a person), to yield to
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
依ると よると
yoruto
Expression usually kana according to
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
喜ぶ よろこぶ
yorokobu
  1. Godan-bu verb to be delighted, to be glad, to be pleased
  2. to congratulate
  3. to gratefully accept
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N4ADD +
宜しい よろしい
yoroshii
adjective usually kana honorific language good, OK, all right, fine, very well, will do, may, can
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
理由 りゆう
riyuu
noun reason, pretext, motive
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
利用 りよう
riyou
noun auxillary suru verb use, utilization, utilisation, application
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
旅館 りょかん
ryokan
noun Japanese hotel, inn, ryokan
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
留守 るす
rusu
  1. noun auxillary suru verb absence, being away from home
  2. house-sitting, house-sitter
  3. being left unattended to (of one's studies, etc.), neglecting
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
冷房 れいぼう
reibou
noun auxillary suru verb cooling, air-conditioning
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
歴史 れきし
rekishi
noun no-adjective history
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
レジ
reji
noun abbreviation (cash) register
レポート
repooto
noun auxillary suru verb report, paper
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
連絡 れんらく
renraku
  1. auxillary suru verb no-adjective to contact, to get in touch
  2. noun contacting, getting in touch, communication, call, message
  3. connection, coordination, junction
  4. no-adjective intercalary, intercalaris, internuncial
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
ワープロ
waapuro
noun abbreviation computer term word processor
沸かす わかす
wakasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to boil, to heat
  2. to excite
  3. archaism to melt (metal)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
別れる わかれる
wakareru
Ichidan verb intransitive verb to be divided, to part from, to separate, to bid farewell
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
わけ
wake
noun usually kana conclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard, reason, cause, meaning, circumstances, situation
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
忘れ物 わすれもの
wasuremono
noun lost article, something forgotten
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
割合 わりあい
wariai
  1. adverb noun rate, ratio, percentage, proportion
  2. comparatively
  3. contrary to expectations
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
割れる われる
wareru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to break, to be smashed
  2. to split, to crack, to fissure, to be torn
  3. to be divided, to cleave
  4. to come to light, to be identified, to be established, to become clear
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
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