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English Reference for eru (える)

Kanji
1 More..
Kana
える
eru
Definitions
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to get, to earn, to acquire, to procure, to gain, to secure, to attain, to obtain, to win
  2. to understand, to comprehend
  3. to receive something undesirable (e.g. a punishment), to get (ill)
  4. auxiliary verb Ichidan verb transitive verb (after the -masu stem of a verb) to be able to ..., can ...
Conjugations
Ichidan verb conjugations
Plain/Informal Polite/Formal Negative Plain/Informal Negative Polite/Formal
Present Indicative える
eru
えます
emasu
えない
enai
えません
emasen
Past Indicative えた
eta
えました
emashita
えなかった
enakatta
えませんでした
emasendeshita
i-form/noun base
e
te-form えて
ete
Imperative えろ
ero
えてください
etekudasai
えるな
eruna
えないでください
enaidekudasai
Conditional えたら
etara
えましたら
emashitara
えなかったら
enakattara
えませんでしたら
emasendeshitara
Volitional えよう
eyou
えるだろう
erudarou
えましょう
emashou
えるでしょう
erudeshou
えないだろう
enaidarou
えないでしょう
enaideshou
Passive えられる
erareru
えられます
eraremasu
えられない
erarenai
えられません
eraremasen
Past Progressive えていた
eteita
えていました
eteimashita
えていなかった
eteinakatta
えていませんでした
eteimasendeshita
Past Volitional えただろう
etadarou
えたろう
etarou
えたでしょう
etadeshou
えなかっただろう
enakattadarou
えなかったでしょう
enakattadeshou
Potential えられる
erareru
えられます
eraremasu
えられない
erarenai
えられません
eraremasen
Progressive えている
eteiru
えてる
eteru
えています
eteimasu
えていない
eteinai
えていません
eteimasen
Provisional えれば
ereba
えますれば
emasureba
えませば
emaseba
えなければ
enakereba
えませんなら
emasennara
Causative/Passive えさせられる
esaserareru
えさせられます
esaseraremasu
えさせられない
esaserarenai
えさせられません
esaseraremasen
Causative えさせる
esaseru
えさせます
esasemasu
えさせない
esasenai
えさせません
esasemasen
* Conjugations are automatically generated, if you find any issues please send feedback
Example sentences
The historical thesis can be summarized by saying that Darwinism has undergone three stages of evolution
His suggestions are always very much to the point
As head of the team I was ably assisted by him
She was encouraged by the news
Her actions are to the point
Whomever you may ask, you can't get a satisfactory answer
He got the job by virtue of his father's connections
My father achieved that and more in four words, which made quoting Shakespeare as effective as any business adviser could wish
I made a good profit by selling my car
See Also