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Vocabulary list for JLPT N5

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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
先週 せんしゅう
senshuu
adverbial noun noun (temporal) last week, the week before
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
先生 せんせい
sensei
  1. noun honorific language teacher, master, doctor
  2. suffix honorific language with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
  3. noun archaism previous existence
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
洗濯 せんたく
sentaku
noun auxillary suru verb washing, laundry
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
全部 ぜんぶ
zenbu
adverbial noun noun (temporal) no-adjective all, entire, whole, altogether
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
そう
sou
  1. adverb so, really, seeming
  2. na-adjective suffix (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
掃除 そうじ
souji
noun auxillary suru verb cleaning, sweeping
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
然うして そうして
soushite
conjunction usually kana and, like that
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
其処 そこ
soko
  1. noun usually kana there (place relatively near listener)
  2. there (place just mentioned), that place
  3. then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
  4. archaism you
其方 そちら
sochira
  1. pronoun no-adjective usually kana that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener)
  2. there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener)
  3. that one (something close to the listener)
  4. you, your family, your company
  5. that person (someone close to the listener)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
そと
soto
  1. noun outside, exterior
  2. open air
  3. other place
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
其の その
sono
  1. pre-noun adjectival usually kana that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the
  2. interjection um..., er..., uh...
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
蕎麦 そば
soba
  1. noun usually kana buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum)
  2. soba, Japanese buckwheat noodles
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
そら
sora
noun sky, the heavens
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
其れから それから
sorekara
Expression usually kana and then, after that
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
其れでは それでは
soredeha
  1. Expression usually kana well then ...
  2. in that situation, in which case
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
だい
dai
  1. noun noun (suffix) stand, rack, table
  2. support
  3. belt
  4. counter counter for machines, incl. vehicles
  5. noun setting (e.g. in jewellery)
  6. noun noun (suffix) counter level (e.g. price level), range (e.g. after physical units), period (of time, e.g. a decade of one's life)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
大学 だいがく
daigaku
  1. noun post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc.
  2. abbreviation former central university of Kyoto (established under the ritsuryo system for the training of government administrators)
  3. the Great Learning - one of the Four Books
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
大使館 たいしかん
taishikan
noun embassy
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
大丈夫 だいじょうぶ
daijoubu
na-adjective adverb noun safe, all right, OK, okay
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
大好き だいすき
daisuki
na-adjective loveable, very likeable, like very much
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
大切 たいせつ
taisetsu
na-adjective noun important, valuable, worthy of care
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
台所 だいどころ
daidokoro
noun no-adjective kitchen
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
大変 たいへん
taihen
  1. adverb very, greatly
  2. na-adjective noun immense, enormous, great
  3. serious, grave, dreadful, terrible
  4. difficult, hard
  5. archaism major incident, disaster
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
高い たかい
takai
  1. adjective high, tall
  2. expensive
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
沢山 たくさん
takusan
na-adjective adverb noun usually kana many, a lot, much
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
タクシー
takushii
noun taxi
だけ
dake
particle usually kana only, just, as
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N5ADD +
たち
tachi
suffix pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
立つ たつ
tatsu
  1. Godan-tsu verb intransitive verb to stand, to rise, to stand up
  2. to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position)
  3. to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
建物 たてもの
tatemono
noun building
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
楽しい たのしい
tanoshii
adjective enjoyable, fun
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
頼む たのむ
tanomu
  1. Godan-mu verb to request, to beg, to ask
  2. to call, to order, to reserve
  3. to entrust to
  4. to rely on
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
煙草 たばこ
tabako
noun usually kana tobacco, cigarettes
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
多分 たぶん
tabun
  1. adverb noun perhaps, probably
  2. na-adjective no-adjective generous, many, much, great
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
食べる たべる
taberu
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to eat
  2. to live on (e.g. a salary), to live off, to subsist on
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
たまご
tamago
  1. noun eggs, egg, spawn, roe
  2. hen egg
  3. (an expert) in the making
  4. beginning, origin, infancy
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
だれ
dare
pronoun no-adjective who
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
誰か だれか
dareka
noun usually kana someone, somebody
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
誕生日 たんじょうび
tanjoubi
noun birthday
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
段々 だんだん
dandan
  1. noun to-adverb adverb usually kana gradually, by degrees
  2. noun adverb steps, stairs, staircase, terrace
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
小さい ちいさい
chiisai
adjective small, little, tiny
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
小さな ちいさな
chiisana
pre-noun adjectival small, little, tiny
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
近い ちかい
chikai
adjective near, close, short (distance)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
違う ちがう
chigau
  1. Godan-u verb intransitive verb to differ (from), to vary
  2. to not be in the usual condition
  3. to not match the correct (answer, etc.)
  4. to be different from promised
  5. isn't it?, wasn't it?
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
近く ちかく
chikaku
  1. adverbial noun noun near, neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity
  2. noun (suffix) nearly (i.e. "it took nearly one year"), close to
  3. adverb shortly, soon
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
地下鉄 ちかてつ
chikatetsu
noun underground train, subway
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
地図 ちず
chizu
noun map
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
ちち
chichi
noun humble language father
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
茶色 ちゃいろ
chairo
noun no-adjective light brown, tawny
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
茶わん ちゃわん
chawan
noun rice bowl, tea cup, teacup
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
ちゅう
chuu
  1. suffix medium, average, middle
  2. moderation
  3. abbreviation middle school
  4. abbreviation China
  5. noun (suffix) in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people)
  6. during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
丁度 ちょうど
choudo
na-adjective adverb noun usually kana just, right, exactly
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
疲れる つかれる
tsukareru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to get tired, to tire
  2. to be worn out (e.g. of well used objects)
  3. archaism to starve
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
つぎ
tsugi
  1. noun no-adjective next, following, subsequent
  2. stage, station
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
作る つくる
tsukuru
  1. Godan-ru verb transitive verb to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct
  2. to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol)
  3. to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train
  4. to till
  5. to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write
  6. to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose
  7. to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found
  8. to have (a child)
  9. to make up (one's face, etc.)
  10. to fabricate (an excuse, etc.)
  11. to form (a line, etc.)
  12. to set (a record)
  13. to commit (a sin, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
就ける つける
tsukeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to install (a king, emperor, etc.)
  2. to appoint (to a post)
  3. to assign (to study under)
務める つとめる
tsutomeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in)
  2. to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of)
  3. to conduct a religious service
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
強い つよい
tsuyoi
  1. adjective strong, powerful, mighty, potent
  2. resistant, resilient, durable
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +

te
  1. noun hand, arm
  2. colloquialism forepaw, foreleg
  3. handle
  4. hand, worker, help
  5. trouble, care, effort
  6. means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship
  7. hand, handwriting
  8. kind, type, sort
  9. one's hands, one's possession
  10. ability to cope
  11. hand (of cards)
  12. direction
  13. noun noun (suffix) counter move (in go, shogi, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
テープ
teepu
noun tape
テーブル
teeburu
noun no-adjective table
手紙 てがみ
tegami
noun no-adjective letter
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
出切る できる
dekiru
Godan-ru verb transitive verb to be out of, to have no more at hand
テスト
tesuto
noun auxillary suru verb test
では
deha
conjunction interjection then, well, so, well then
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
デパート
depaato
  1. noun abbreviation department store
  2. abbreviation department
でも
demo
  1. conjunction but, however, though, nevertheless, still, yet, even so
  2. particle even
  3. however, no matter how, even if, even though
  4. ... or something
  5. either ... or ..., neither ... nor ...
  6. prefix pseudo-, quack, in-name-only
  7. for lack of anything better to do
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
天気 てんき
tenki
  1. noun weather, the elements
  2. fair weather, fine weather
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
電気 でんき
denki
  1. noun electricity
  2. (electric) light
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
電車 でんしゃ
densha
noun train, electric train
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
電話 でんわ
denwa
  1. noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective telephone call, phone call
  2. noun no-adjective abbreviation telephone (device), phone
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +

to
  1. noun door (esp. Japanese-style)
  2. archaism entrance (to a home)
  3. archaism narrows
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +

do
  1. noun noun (suffix) degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.)
  2. counter counter for occurrences and times
  3. strength (of alcohol)
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N5ADD +
ドア
doa
noun door (Western-style)
トイレ
toire
noun abbreviation toilet, restroom, bathroom, lavatory
如何 どう
dou
adverb usually kana how, in what way, how about
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
如何して どうして
doushite
adverb interjection usually kana why?, for what reason, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
動物 どうぶつ
doubutsu
noun animal
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
遠い とおい
tooi
adjective far, distant
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
十日 とおか
tooka
  1. noun the tenth day of the month
  2. ten days
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
とき
toki
  1. noun time, hour, moment
  2. occasion, case
  3. chance, opportunity, season
  4. the times, the age, the day
  5. linguistics tense
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
時々 ときどき
tokidoki
adverb noun no-adjective sometimes, at times
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
時計 とけい
tokei
noun watch, clock, timepiece
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
何処 どこ
doko
  1. pronoun no-adjective usually kana where, what place
  2. how much (long, far), what extent
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
とし
toshi
  1. adverbial noun noun year
  2. noun many years
  3. suffix noun age
  4. adverbial noun noun past one's prime, old age
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
何方 どちら
dochira
  1. noun usually kana which way, which direction, where
  2. which one (esp. of two alternatives)
  3. who
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
迚も とても
totemo
  1. adverb usually kana very, awfully, exceedingly
  2. (before a negative form) (not) at all, by no means, simply (cannot)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
何方 どなた
donata
noun usually kana honorific language who?
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
となり
tonari
noun no-adjective neighbor (neighbour), next to (esp. living next door to)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
殿 どの
dono
suffix polite language form of address used for official letters and business letters, and in letters to inferiors, Mr
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
飛ぶ とぶ
tobu
  1. Godan-bu verb intransitive verb to jump, to leap, to spring, to bound, to hop
  2. to fly, to soar
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
止まる とまる
tomaru
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to stop (moving), to come to a stop
  2. to stop (doing, working, being supplied), to come to a halt, to cease, to be stopped, to be suspended
  3. to alight, to perch on
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
友達 ともだち
tomodachi
noun friend, companion
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
土曜日 どようび
doyoubi
adverbial noun noun (temporal) Saturday
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
とり
tori
  1. noun bird
  2. bird meat (esp. chicken meat), fowl, poultry
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
撮る とる
toru
  1. Godan-ru verb transitive verb to take (a photo)
  2. to record (video, audio, etc.), to make (a film)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
何れ どれ
dore
  1. noun usually kana which (of three or more)
  2. whichever, any
  3. interjection well, now, let me see
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
どんな
donna
  1. pre-noun adjectival what, what kind of
  2. (with -temo, demo, etc.) any(body, thing, means, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
ナイフ
naifu
noun knife
なか
naka
  1. noun inside, in
  2. among, within
  3. center (centre), middle
  4. during, while
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
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