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Vocabulary list for JLPT N3

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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
越える こえる
koeru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to cross over, to cross, to pass through, to pass over (out of)
  2. to exceed
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
コーチ
koochi
noun auxillary suru verb coach
コード
koodo
  1. noun code
  2. cord
  3. chord
こおり
koori
  1. noun ice
  2. shaved ice (usually served with flavored simple syrup)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
凍る こおる
kooru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
ゴール
gooru
  1. noun auxillary suru verb goal
  2. noun Gaul
誤解 ごかい
gokai
noun auxillary suru verb misunderstanding
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
語学 ごがく
gogaku
noun language study
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
呼吸 こきゅう
kokyuu
  1. noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective breath, respiration
  2. knack, trick, secret (of doing something)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
故郷 こきょう
kokyou
noun home town, birthplace, old village, historic village, native place, one's old home
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
ごく
goku
  1. adverb usually kana quite, very
  2. numeric 10^48, quindecillion (short scale), octillion (long scale)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
語句 ごく
goku
noun no-adjective words, phrases
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
国語 こくご
kokugo
  1. noun national language
  2. Japanese language (often as a school subject in Japan)
  3. native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
国際 こくさい
kokusai
noun no-adjective international
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
国籍 こくせき
kokuseki
noun nationality
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
黒板 こくばん
kokuban
noun blackboard
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
克服 こくふく
kokufuku
noun auxillary suru verb conquest (problem, disease, handicap, etc. e.g. poverty, illness), overcoming, bringing under control, subjugation, victory over
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
国民 こくみん
kokumin
noun nation, nationality, people, citizen
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
穀物 こくもつ
kokumotsu
noun no-adjective grain, cereal, corn
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
此処 ここ
koko
  1. noun usually kana here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place
  2. these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker)
  3. these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
個々 ここ
koko
noun no-adjective individual, one by one, separate
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
こし
koshi
  1. noun back, lower back, waist, hips, lumbar region
  2. body (of hair, noodle, paper, etc.), resilience, spring
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
胡椒 こしょう
koshou
noun no-adjective usually kana pepper
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
個人 こじん
kojin
noun no-adjective individual, private person, personal, private
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
超す こす
kosu
  1. Godan-su verb to cross over (e.g. mountain), to go across
  2. to go over (e.g. with audience)
  3. to pass time (e.g. a winter)
  4. to surpass, to be better than, to exceed
  5. to move house
  6. honorific language to go, to come
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
小銭 こぜに
kozeni
noun coins, small change
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
ご馳走 ごちそう
gochisou
  1. noun polite language feast, treating (someone)
  2. auxillary suru verb to treat (someone, e.g. to a meal)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
国家 こっか
kokka
noun state, country, nation
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
国会 こっかい
kokkai
noun no-adjective abbreviation National Diet, parliament, congress
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
国境 こっきょう
kokkyou
noun no-adjective national border, provincial border
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
骨折 こっせつ
kossetsu
noun auxillary suru verb bone fracture
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
こと
koto
  1. noun thing, matter
  2. incident, occurrence, event, something serious, trouble, crisis
  3. circumstances, situation, state of affairs
  4. work, business, affair
  5. after an inflectable word, creates a noun phrase indicating something the speaker does not feel close to
  6. noun (suffix) nominalizing suffix
  7. pretending to ..., playing make-believe ...
  8. noun noun (suffix) usually kana alias, aka, nickname, alternative name, also known as
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
こと
koto
  1. noun koto (13-stringed Japanese zither)
  2. archaism stringed instrument
  3. zheng (Chinese zither), guzheng
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
事による ことによる
kotoniyoru
  1. Expression Godan-ru verb usually kana depending on the circumstances
  2. due to (with modifying verb)
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
ことわざ
kotowaza
noun usually kana proverb, maxim
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
断る ことわる
kotowaru
  1. Godan-ru verb transitive verb to refuse, to reject, to dismiss, to turn down, to decline
  2. to inform, to give notice, to tell in advance
  3. to ask leave, to excuse oneself (from)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
こな
kona
noun flour, meal, powder
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
好み このみ
konomi
noun liking, taste, choice
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
好む このむ
konomu
Godan-mu verb transitive verb to like, to prefer
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
コピー
kopii
  1. noun auxillary suru verb copy, photocopy
  2. blurb on a book jacket
  3. abbreviation catch copy
零す こぼす
kobosu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to spill, to drop, to shed (tears)
  2. to grumble, to complain
  3. to let one's feelings show
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
零れる こぼれる
koboreru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb usually kana to spill, to fall out of, to overflow
  2. to peek through, to become visible (although normally not)
  3. to escape (of a smile, tear, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
細かい こまかい
komakai
  1. adjective small
  2. fine, minute
  3. minor, trivial
  4. sensitive, attentive
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
ごみ
gomi
noun usually kana rubbish, trash, garbage, refuse
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
込む こむ
komu
  1. Godan-mu verb intransitive verb to be crowded, to be packed
  2. to be complex
  3. auxiliary verb to go into, to put into, to remain (seated), to be plunged into (silence), to do thoroughly
  4. to do intently
  5. to continue in the same state
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
小麦 こむぎ
komugi
noun wheat
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
御免なさい ごめんなさい
gomennasai
Expression I beg your pardon, excuse me
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
小屋 こや
koya
noun hut, cabin, shed, (animal) pen
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
これ等 これら
korera
pronoun no-adjective usually kana these
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
ころ
koro
  1. noun adverbial noun noun (suffix) usually kana (approximate) time, around, about, toward
  2. suitable time (or condition)
  3. time of year, season
Common word
JLPT N3ADD +
転ぶ ころぶ
korobu
Godan-bu verb intransitive verb to fall down, to fall over
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
壊す こわす
kowasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to break, to destroy, to demolish
  2. to wreck, to ruin, to spoil, to damage
  3. to break (a bill, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
壊れる こわれる
kowareru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to be broken, to break
  2. to fall through, to come to nothing
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
今回 こんかい
konkai
adverbial noun noun (temporal) now, this time, lately
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
今後 こんご
kongo
adverbial noun noun (temporal) from now on, hereafter
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
コンテスト
kontesuto
noun contest
こんなに
konnani
adverb so, like this, in this way
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
困難 こんなん
konnan
na-adjective noun difficulty, distress
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
今日は こんにちは
konnichiha
interjection usually kana hello, good day (daytime greeting)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
婚約 こんやく
konyaku
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective engagement, betrothal
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
混乱 こんらん
konran
noun auxillary suru verb disorder, chaos, confusion, mayhem
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +

sa
noun noun (suffix) difference, variation
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
サービス
saabisu
  1. noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective service, support system
  2. goods or services without charge
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
最後 さいご
saigo
  1. noun no-adjective last, end, conclusion, latest, most recent
  2. Expression (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
  3. archaism one's final moments
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
最高 さいこう
saikou
na-adjective noun no-adjective highest, supreme, the most
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
財産 ざいさん
zaisan
noun property, fortune, assets
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
最終 さいしゅう
saishuu
noun no-adjective last, final, closing
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
採集 さいしゅう
saishuu
noun auxillary suru verb collecting, gathering
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
最中 さいちゅう
saichuu
adverbial noun noun in the middle of, height of, in course of, midst
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
最低 さいてい
saitei
  1. na-adjective adverb noun no-adjective least, lowest, worst
  2. nasty, disgusting, horrible, yuck!
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
才能 さいのう
sainou
noun talent, ability
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
裁判 さいばん
saiban
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective trial, judgement, judgment
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
材料 ざいりょう
zairyou
noun ingredients, material
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
幸い さいわい
saiwai
  1. na-adjective noun happiness, blessedness, luck, fortune, felicity
  2. adverb luckily, fortunately
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
サイン
sain
  1. noun auxillary suru verb autograph, signature
  2. sign
  3. noun sine
さか
saka
noun slope, hill
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
さかい
sakai
  1. noun border, boundary
  2. area, region, spot, space, environment
  3. psychological state, mental state
  4. Buddhist term cognitive object, something perceptible by the sense organs or mind
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
逆らう さからう
sakarau
Godan-u verb intransitive verb to go against, to oppose, to disobey, to defy
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
盛り さかり
sakari
  1. noun suffix peak (e.g. of cherry blossom season), height (e.g. of summer)
  2. prime (of one's life), one's best days
  3. rutting, being in heat
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
作業 さぎょう
sagyou
noun auxillary suru verb work, operation, manufacturing, fatigue duty
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
咲く さく
saku
Godan-ku verb intransitive verb to bloom
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
裂く さく
saku
  1. Godan-ku verb transitive verb to tear, to rip up
  2. to cut up, to cleave, to cut open (esp. the abdomen)
  3. to forcibly separate (i.e. two lovers)
  4. to spare (time, money, etc.), to use part of something
  5. archaism to have a tattoo in the corner of one's eye
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
さく
saku
  1. noun noun (suffix) work (e.g. of art), production
  2. noun harvest, cultivation, farming, crop, yield
  3. technique
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
さく
saku
prefix last (year), yesterday
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
さく
saku
noun fence, paling, railing
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
さく
saku
noun noun (suffix) plan, policy
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
昨日 さくじつ
sakujitsu
adverbial noun noun (temporal) yesterday
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
作品 さくひん
sakuhin
noun work (e.g. book, film, composition, etc.), opus, performance, production
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
作物 さくもつ
sakumotsu
noun produce (e.g. agricultural), crops
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
昨夜 さくや
sakuya
  1. adverbial noun noun (temporal) evening
  2. last night
Common word
JLPT N3ADD +
さけ
sake
noun alcohol, sake
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
裂ける さける
sakeru
Ichidan verb intransitive verb to split, to tear, to burst
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
避ける さける
sakeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to avoid (physical contact with)
  2. to avoid (situation)
  3. Ichidan verb to ward off, to avert
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
下げる さげる
sageru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration)
  2. to lower, to reduce, to bring down
  3. to demote, to move back, to pull back
  4. to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
支える ささえる
sasaeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to support, to prop, to sustain, to underlay, to hold up
  2. to hold at bay, to stem, to check
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
刺さる ささる
sasaru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to stick into (something with a sharp point), to prick, to pierce, to get stuck (in), to lodge (in)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
差す さす
sasu
  1. Godan-su verb intransitive verb to shine
  2. to be visible
  3. to be tinged with
  4. to rise (of water levels), to flow in
  5. to be felt (i.e. as an emotion), to come over one
  6. Godan-su verb transitive verb to hold up (an umbrella, etc.), to put up, to raise
  7. to extend one's arm straight ahead (in dance)
  8. to insert, to put in
  9. to wear (a sword) in one's belt, to wear at one's side, to carry under one's arm
  10. sumo term to insert one's arm under an opponent's arm
  11. to pole (a boat)
  12. to pour, to add (liquid), to serve (drinks)
  13. to put on (lipstick, etc.), to apply, to colour, to dye
  14. to light (a fire), to burn
  15. to shut, to close, to lock, to fasten
  16. suffix Godan-su verb to stop in the midst of, to leave undone
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
指す さす
sasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to point
  2. to nominate, to select someone, to specify some person
  3. to identify, to indicate, to point out
  4. to play (shogi)
  5. to extend one's arm straight ahead (in dance)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
射す さす
sasu
Godan-su verb intransitive verb to shine
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
挿す さす
sasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to insert, to put in
  2. to plant (a cutting), to strike
  3. to arrange (flowers)
  4. to wear (a sword) in one's belt
  5. to shut, to close, to lock, to fasten
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
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