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On-yomi

ku
Kun-yomi
くる.しい
kuru.shii
-ぐる.しい
-guru.shii
くる.しむ
kuru.shimu
くる.しめる
kuru.shimeru
にが.い
niga.i
にが.る
niga.ru
Meaning suffering, trial, worry, hardship, feel bitter, scowl

Some example words with 苦
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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
苦い にがい
nigai
adjective bitter
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +

ku
  1. noun pain, anguish, suffering, distress, anxiety, worry, trouble, difficulty, hardship
  2. Buddhist term duhkha (suffering)
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
苦手 にがて
nigate
  1. na-adjective noun poor (at), weak (in), not very good (at)
  2. dislike (of)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
苦痛 くつう
kutsuu
na-adjective noun no-adjective pain, agony, bitterness
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
苦労 くろう
kurou
na-adjective noun auxillary suru verb troubles, hardships
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
苦しい くるしい
kurushii
  1. adjective painful, difficult, agonizing
  2. needy, tight (budget), straitened (circumstances)
  3. forced (smile, joke), lame (excuse), strained (interpretation)
  4. awkward (situation), painful (position)
  5. suffix adjective (after masu stem) hard to do, unpleasant
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
苦しむ くるしむ
kurushimu
Godan-mu verb intransitive verb to suffer, to groan, to be worried
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
苦心 くしん
kushin
noun auxillary suru verb pain, trouble, anxiety, diligence, hard work
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
苦情 くじょう
kujou
noun complaint, troubles, objection, grievance
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
ご苦労さま ごくろうさま
gokurousama
Expression na-adjective thank you very much for your ..., I appreciate your efforts
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
見苦しい みぐるしい
migurushii
adjective unsightly, ugly
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
無茶苦茶 むちゃくちゃ
muchakucha
  1. na-adjective usually kana nonsensical, unreasonable, absurd, unrealistic
  2. usually kana awfully, extremely, to excess, senseless, reckless
  3. noun na-adjective usually kana disorder, confusion, being jumbled, being mixed up
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
苦悩 くのう
kunou
noun auxillary suru verb suffering, distress, affliction, anguish, agony, trouble
Common word
ADD +
苦味 にがみ
nigami
noun no-adjective bitterness, bitter taste
Common word
ADD +
苦味 くみ
kumi
noun no-adjective bitterness, bitter taste
Common word
ADD +
苦しみ くるしみ
kurushimi
noun pain, anguish, distress, suffering, hardship
Common word
ADD +
苦笑い にがわらい
nigawarai
noun auxillary suru verb bitter smile, wry smile, forced smile, strained laugh
Common word
ADD +
苦しめる くるしめる
kurushimeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to torment, to pain, to inflict (physical) pain, to hurt
  2. to harass, to cause (emotional) pain, to afflict, to distress, to bother, to trouble, to stump, to baffle
Common word
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目茶苦茶 めちゃくちゃ
mechakucha
  1. na-adjective noun usually kana absurd, unreasonable, nonsensical, preposterous, incoherent
  2. extreme, senseless, reckless, wanton
  3. disorder, confusion, mess, wreck
Common word
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固苦しい かたくるしい
katakurushii
adjective formal, strict, ceremonious, stiff
Common word
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固苦しい かたぐるしい
katagurushii
adjective formal, strict, ceremonious, stiff
Common word
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苦戦 くせん
kusen
noun auxillary suru verb hard fight, close game
Common word
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苦境 くきょう
kukyou
noun trouble, crisis, predicament, squeeze, pinch
Common word
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苦難 くなん
kunan
noun suffering, distress, hardship, trial
Common word
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苦慮 くりょ
kuryo
noun auxillary suru verb rack one's brains
Common word
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苦言 くげん
kugen
noun no-adjective candid advice, frank advice, honest opinion, exhortation
Common word
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苦渋 くじゅう
kujuu
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective bitterness, mortification, difficulty in understanding, distress, affliction
Common word
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苦肉の策 くにくのさく
kunikunosaku
Expression last resort, desperate measure taken under pressure of necessity
Common word
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苦学 くがく
kugaku
noun auxillary suru verb paying one's own school expenses by working
Common word
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苦楽 くらく
kuraku
noun pleasure and pain, joys and sorrows
Common word
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苦闘 くとう
kutou
noun auxillary suru verb agonizing
Common word
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苦杯 くはい
kuhai
noun bitter experience (ordeal)
Common word
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辛苦 しんく
shinku
noun auxillary suru verb hardship, toil, trouble
Common word
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労苦 ろうく
rouku
noun auxillary suru verb labor, labour, toil, hardship
Common word
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苦肉 くにく
kuniku
noun desperation measure
Common word
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苦行 くぎょう
kugyou
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective penance, austerities, mortification, asceticism
Common word
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苦笑 くしょう
kushou
noun auxillary suru verb bitter smile, wry smile, strained laugh, sarcastic laugh
Common word
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病苦 びょうく
byouku
noun pain of sickness
Common word
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苦虫 にがむし
nigamushi
noun making a sour face (as if having consumed a bitter bug)
Common word
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気苦労 きぐろう
kigurou
noun worry, care, anxiety
Common word
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苦労人 くろうにん
kurounin
noun worldly-wise man
Common word
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一苦労 ひとくろう
hitokurou
noun auxillary suru verb a hard time, pains
Common word
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生活苦 せいかつく
seikatsuku
noun life's struggles
Common word
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堅苦しい かたくるしい
katakurushii
adjective formal, strict, ceremonious, stiff
Common word
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四苦八苦 しくはっく
shikuhakku
  1. noun auxillary suru verb being in dire distress, being hard put to it
  2. Buddhist term the four and eight kinds of suffering
Common word
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寝苦しい ねぐるしい
negurushii
adjective unable to sleep well
Common word
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苦り切る にがりきる
nigarikiru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to look sour (disgusted)
Common word
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重苦しい おもくるしい
omokurushii
adjective heavy, gloomy, awkward, cumbrous, oppressive, leaden
Common word
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苦々しい にがにがしい
niganigashii
adjective unpleasant, disgusting, loathsome, shameful, scandalous
Common word
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息苦しい いきぐるしい
ikigurushii
adjective choking, oppressive, suffocating
Common word
ADD +
See Also