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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
とし
toshi
  1. adverbial noun noun year
  2. noun many years
  3. suffix noun age
  4. adverbial noun noun past one's prime, old age
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
ねん
nen
  1. noun year (e.g. AD)
  2. counter counter for years
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
年上 としうえ
toshiue
noun no-adjective older, senior
Common word
JLPT N3ADD +
年月 としつき
toshitsuki
noun months and years
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年鑑 ねんかん
nenkan
noun yearbook, almanac, annual
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
年間 ねんかん
nenkan
noun (temporal) year (period of)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年代 ねんだい
nendai
noun age, era, period, date
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年齢 ねんれい
nenrei
noun age, years
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年中 ねんじゅう
nenjuu
  1. noun whole year, all year round, throughout the year
  2. adverb always, all the time
  3. noun middle class (of a nursery school, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年度 ねんど
nendo
  1. noun noun (suffix) fiscal year (usu. April 1 to March 31 in Japan), financial year
  2. academic year, school year
  3. product year
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
年生 ねんせい
nensei
noun (suffix) pupil in ... year, student in ... year
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
年賀 ねんが
nenga
noun New Year's greetings, New Year's card
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
年頃 としごろ
toshigoro
  1. adverb noun approximate age, apparent age
  2. marriageable age (esp. of a woman), age of independence, age of adulthood
  3. (after modifying phrase) appropriate age (to ...), old enough (to ...)
  4. noun adverbial noun archaism for some years
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
年号 ねんごう
nengou
noun name of an era, year number
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
年輪 ねんりん
nenrin
noun annual tree ring
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
年長 ねんちょう
nenchou
na-adjective noun seniority
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
年始 ねんし
nenshi
noun (temporal) New Year's call, beginning of the year, New Year's greetings
Common word
ADD +
年下 としした
toshishita
noun no-adjective younger, junior
Common word
ADD +
年月 ねんげつ
nengetsu
noun months and years
Common word
ADD +
年頭 ねんとう
nentou
  1. noun beginning of the year
  2. the oldest person
Common word
ADD +
年々 ねんねん
nennen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) years, year by year, annually, considering his age
Common word
ADD +
年配 ねんぱい
nenpai
noun no-adjective elderly, age, years
Common word
ADD +
年輩 ねんぱい
nenpai
noun no-adjective elderly, age, years
Common word
ADD +
年末 ねんまつ
nenmatsu
adverbial noun noun (temporal) end-of-year
Common word
ADD +
年寄り としより
toshiyori
  1. noun old people, the aged
  2. sumo term trustee of the Japan Sumo Association, retired high-ranking wrestler who is licensed to coach and receives retirement pay
  3. senior statesman (of the Tokugawa shogunate)
  4. important local official (under the Tokugawa Shogunate)
Common word
ADD +
年ごろ としごろ
toshigoro
  1. adverb noun approximate age, apparent age
  2. marriageable age (esp. of a woman), age of independence, age of adulthood
  3. (after modifying phrase) appropriate age (to ...), old enough (to ...)
  4. noun adverbial noun archaism for some years
Common word
ADD +
年寄 としより
toshiyori
  1. noun old people, the aged
  2. sumo term trustee of the Japan Sumo Association, retired high-ranking wrestler who is licensed to coach and receives retirement pay
  3. senior statesman (of the Tokugawa shogunate)
  4. important local official (under the Tokugawa Shogunate)
Common word
ADD +
年より としより
toshiyori
  1. noun old people, the aged
  2. sumo term trustee of the Japan Sumo Association, retired high-ranking wrestler who is licensed to coach and receives retirement pay
  3. senior statesman (of the Tokugawa shogunate)
  4. important local official (under the Tokugawa Shogunate)
Common word
ADD +
年年 ねんねん
nennen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) years, year by year, annually, considering his age
Common word
ADD +
年令 ねんれい
nenrei
noun age, years
Common word
ADD +
年収 ねんしゅう
nenshuu
noun annual income
Common word
ADD +
年表 ねんぴょう
nenpyou
noun chronological tables, chronology
Common word
ADD +
年月日 ねんがっぴ
nengappi
noun date
Common word
ADD +
年取った としとった
toshitotta
prenominal aged
Common word
ADD +
年賀状 ねんがじょう
nengajou
noun New Year's card
Common word
ADD +
年金 ねんきん
nenkin
noun no-adjective annuity, pension
Common word
ADD +
年内 ねんない
nennai
noun by the end of the year
Common word
ADD +
年次 ねんじ
nenji
  1. noun annual
  2. fiscal year, school year
  3. suffix year (in some sequence)
Common word
ADD +
年俸 ねんぽう
nenpou
noun annual salary
Common word
ADD +
年明け ねんあけ
nenake
  1. noun beginning of the year, early in the New Year
  2. expiration of a term of service
Common word
ADD +
年産 ねんさん
nensan
noun annual production
Common word
ADD +
年来 ねんらい
nenrai
adverbial noun noun (temporal) for some years
Common word
ADD +
年率 ねんりつ
nenritsu
noun annual rate (of interest)
Common word
ADD +
年会 ねんかい
nenkai
noun conference, annual convention
Common word
ADD +
年額 ねんがく
nengaku
noun yearly amount
Common word
ADD +
年刊 ねんかん
nenkan
noun no-adjective annual publication, year of publication
Common word
ADD +
年初 ねんしょ
nensho
adverbial noun noun beginning of the year, New Year's greetings
Common word
ADD +
年数 ねんすう
nensuu
noun number of years
Common word
ADD +
年男 としおとこ
toshiotoko
noun Man of the Year, referring to a man born in a year with the same Chinese zodiac sign as the current year
Common word
ADD +
年商 ねんしょう
nenshou
noun yearly (annual) turnover
Common word
ADD +
年齢層 ねんれいそう
nenreisou
noun age range, age-group, age bracket
Common word
ADD +
年功序列 ねんこうじょれつ
nenkoujoretsu
noun no-adjective seniority by length of service
Common word
ADD +
年魚 あゆ
ayu
  1. noun usually kana sweetfish (Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis), ayu
  2. archaism salmon
Common word
ADD +
年譜 ねんぷ
nenpu
noun chronological record
Common word
ADD +
年余 ねんよ
nenyo
noun more than a year
Common word
ADD +
年利 ねんり
nenri
noun annual interest rate
Common word
ADD +
年限 ねんげん
nengen
noun length of time, term
Common word
ADD +
年功 ねんこう
nenkou
noun long service
Common word
ADD +
年祭 ねんさい
nensai
noun anniversary
Common word
ADD +
年報 ねんぽう
nenpou
noun annual report, yearbook
Common word
ADD +
年老い としおい
toshioi
noun old person
Common word
ADD +
年越し としこし
toshikoshi
noun auxillary suru verb New Year's Eve, end of the year
Common word
ADD +
年の瀬 としのせ
toshinose
noun New Year's Eve, the year end
Common word
ADD +
年寄る としよる
toshiyoru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to grow old
Common word
ADD +
年老 としおい
toshioi
noun old person
Common word
ADD +
年越 としこし
toshikoshi
noun auxillary suru verb New Year's Eve, end of the year
Common word
ADD +
年休 ねんきゅう
nenkyuu
noun yearly paid vacation (holiday)
Common word
ADD +
年少 ねんしょう
nenshou
na-adjective noun no-adjective youth
Common word
ADD +
年明ける としあける
toshiakeru
Expression Ichidan verb the New Year dawns
Common word
ADD +
年老いる としおいる
toshioiru
Ichidan verb to grow old
Common word
ADD +
年の暮れ としのくれ
toshinokure
noun year end
Common word
ADD +
年の暮 としのくれ
toshinokure
noun year end
Common word
ADD +
年中行事 ねんちゅうぎょうじ
nenchuugyouji
noun annual function, annual event
Common word
ADD +
年末調整 ねんまつちょうせい
nenmatsuchousei
noun year-end tax adjustment
Common word
ADD +
年頭 としがしら
toshigashira
  1. noun beginning of the year
  2. the oldest person
Common word
ADD +
年々 としどし
toshidoshi
adverbial noun noun (temporal) years, year by year, annually, considering his age
Common word
ADD +
年中 ねんちゅう
nenchuu
  1. noun whole year, all year round, throughout the year
  2. adverb always, all the time
  3. noun middle class (of a nursery school, etc.)
Common word
ADD +
年中 ねんぢゅう
nenjuu
  1. noun whole year, all year round, throughout the year
  2. adverb always, all the time
  3. noun middle class (of a nursery school, etc.)
Common word
ADD +
年明け としあけ
toshiake
  1. noun beginning of the year, early in the New Year
  2. expiration of a term of service
Common word
ADD +
年魚 ねんぎょ
nengyo
  1. noun usually kana sweetfish (Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis), ayu
  2. archaism salmon
Common word
ADD +
年中行事 ねんじゅうぎょうじ
nenjuugyouji
noun annual function, annual event
Common word
ADD +
年中行事 ねんぢゅうぎょうじ
nenjuugyouji
noun annual function, annual event
Common word
ADD +
年改まる としあらたまる
toshiaratamaru
Expression Godan-ru verb the New Year dawns
年占 としうら
toshiura
noun divination that predicts the events of the whole year (esp. concerning crops)
年女 としおんな
toshionna
noun Woman of the Year, referring to a woman born in a year with the same Chinese zodiac sign as the current year
年が明ける としがあける
toshigaakeru
Expression Ichidan verb the New Year begins, the New Year starts
年が改まる としがあらたまる
toshigaaratamaru
Expression Godan-ru verb the New Year begins, the New Year starts
年甲斐 としがい
toshigai
noun one's age
年甲斐も無い としがいもない
toshigaimonai
Expression adjective unbecoming, unsuitable, disgraceful, wrong for one's age, unworthy of one's years, thoughtless for one's age
年甲斐もない としがいもない
toshigaimonai
Expression adjective unbecoming, unsuitable, disgraceful, wrong for one's age, unworthy of one's years, thoughtless for one's age
年がいもない としがいもない
toshigaimonai
Expression adjective unbecoming, unsuitable, disgraceful, wrong for one's age, unworthy of one's years, thoughtless for one's age
年がいもなく としがいもなく
toshigaimonaku
Expression adverb idiomatic expression unbecoming to one's age
年掛け としがけ
toshigake
noun yearly payment
年が越せる としがこせる
toshigakoseru
Expression Ichidan verb to able to enter the New Year (i.e. have work finished, debts paid, etc.)
年嵩 としかさ
toshikasa
na-adjective noun senior, older, elderly
年かさ としかさ
toshikasa
na-adjective noun senior, older, elderly
年が立つ としがたつ
toshigatatsu
Expression Godan-tsu verb idiomatic expression the New Year begins
年恰好 としかっこう
toshikakkou
noun one's age
年格好 としかっこう
toshikakkou
noun one's age
年が年 としがとし
toshigatoshi
Expression considering this age
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