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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
苦い にがい
nigai
adjective bitter
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +

ku
  1. noun pain, anguish, suffering, distress, anxiety, worry, trouble, difficulty, hardship
  2. Buddhist term duhkha (suffering)
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
苦痛 くつう
kutsuu
na-adjective noun no-adjective pain, agony, bitterness
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
苦労 くろう
kurou
na-adjective noun auxillary suru verb troubles, hardships
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
苦手 にがて
nigate
  1. na-adjective noun poor (at), weak (in), not very good (at)
  2. dislike (of)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
苦しい くるしい
kurushii
  1. adjective painful, difficult, agonizing
  2. needy, tight (budget), straitened (circumstances)
  3. forced (smile, joke), lame (excuse), strained (interpretation)
  4. awkward (situation), painful (position)
  5. suffix adjective (after masu stem) hard to do, unpleasant
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
苦しむ くるしむ
kurushimu
Godan-mu verb intransitive verb to suffer, to groan, to be worried
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
苦心 くしん
kushin
noun auxillary suru verb pain, trouble, anxiety, diligence, hard work
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
苦情 くじょう
kujou
noun complaint, troubles, objection, grievance
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
ご苦労さま ごくろうさま
gokurousama
Expression na-adjective thank you very much for your ..., I appreciate your efforts
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
見苦しい みぐるしい
migurushii
adjective unsightly, ugly
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
無茶苦茶 むちゃくちゃ
muchakucha
  1. na-adjective usually kana nonsensical, unreasonable, absurd, unrealistic
  2. usually kana awfully, extremely, to excess, senseless, reckless
  3. noun na-adjective usually kana disorder, confusion, being jumbled, being mixed up
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
苦悩 くのう
kunou
noun auxillary suru verb suffering, distress, affliction, anguish, agony, trouble
Common word
ADD +
苦味 にがみ
nigami
noun no-adjective bitterness, bitter taste
Common word
ADD +
苦勞 くろう
kurou
na-adjective noun auxillary suru verb troubles, hardships
Common word
ADD +
苦み にがみ
nigami
noun no-adjective bitterness, bitter taste
Common word
ADD +
苦しみ くるしみ
kurushimi
noun pain, anguish, distress, suffering, hardship
Common word
ADD +
夜露死苦 よろしく
yoroshiku
  1. Expression adverb usually kana well, properly, suitably
  2. best regards, please remember me, please treat me favorably (favourably), please take care of
  3. just like ..., as though one were ...
  4. by all means, of course
Common word
ADD +
苦笑い にがわらい
nigawarai
noun auxillary suru verb bitter smile, wry smile, forced smile, strained laugh
Common word
ADD +
苦しめる くるしめる
kurushimeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to torment, to pain, to inflict (physical) pain, to hurt
  2. to harass, to cause (emotional) pain, to afflict, to distress, to bother, to trouble, to stump, to baffle
Common word
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目茶苦茶 めちゃくちゃ
mechakucha
  1. na-adjective noun usually kana absurd, unreasonable, nonsensical, preposterous, incoherent
  2. extreme, senseless, reckless, wanton
  3. disorder, confusion, mess, wreck
Common word
ADD +
御苦労様 ごくろうさま
gokurousama
Expression na-adjective thank you very much for your ..., I appreciate your efforts
Common word
ADD +
ご苦労様 ごくろうさま
gokurousama
Expression na-adjective thank you very much for your ..., I appreciate your efforts
Common word
ADD +
滅茶苦茶 めちゃくちゃ
mechakucha
  1. na-adjective noun usually kana absurd, unreasonable, nonsensical, preposterous, incoherent
  2. extreme, senseless, reckless, wanton
  3. disorder, confusion, mess, wreck
Common word
ADD +
固苦しい かたくるしい
katakurushii
adjective formal, strict, ceremonious, stiff
Common word
ADD +
堅苦しい かたくるしい
katakurushii
adjective formal, strict, ceremonious, stiff
Common word
ADD +
苦戦 くせん
kusen
noun auxillary suru verb hard fight, close game
Common word
ADD +
苦境 くきょう
kukyou
noun trouble, crisis, predicament, squeeze, pinch
Common word
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苦況 くきょう
kukyou
noun trouble, crisis, predicament, squeeze, pinch
Common word
ADD +
苦言 くげん
kugen
noun no-adjective candid advice, frank advice, honest opinion, exhortation
Common word
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苦難 くなん
kunan
noun suffering, distress, hardship, trial
Common word
ADD +
苦慮 くりょ
kuryo
noun auxillary suru verb rack one's brains
Common word
ADD +
苦渋 くじゅう
kujuu
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective bitterness, mortification, difficulty in understanding, distress, affliction
Common word
ADD +
苦力 クーリー
kuurii
noun coolie
Common word
ADD +
苦肉の策 くにくのさく
kunikunosaku
Expression last resort, desperate measure taken under pressure of necessity
Common word
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苦学 くがく
kugaku
noun auxillary suru verb paying one's own school expenses by working
Common word
ADD +
苦闘 くとう
kutou
noun auxillary suru verb agonizing
Common word
ADD +
苦肉 くにく
kuniku
noun desperation measure
Common word
ADD +
苦杯 くはい
kuhai
noun bitter experience (ordeal)
Common word
ADD +
苦楽 くらく
kuraku
noun pleasure and pain, joys and sorrows
Common word
ADD +
辛苦 しんく
shinku
noun auxillary suru verb hardship, toil, trouble
Common word
ADD +
労苦 ろうく
rouku
noun auxillary suru verb labor, labour, toil, hardship
Common word
ADD +
苦行 くぎょう
kugyou
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective penance, austerities, mortification, asceticism
Common word
ADD +
苦笑 くしょう
kushou
noun auxillary suru verb bitter smile, wry smile, strained laugh, sarcastic laugh
Common word
ADD +
苦虫 にがむし
nigamushi
noun making a sour face (as if having consumed a bitter bug)
Common word
ADD +
病苦 びょうく
byouku
noun pain of sickness
Common word
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気苦労 きぐろう
kigurou
noun worry, care, anxiety
Common word
ADD +
苦労人 くろうにん
kurounin
noun worldly-wise man
Common word
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生活苦 せいかつく
seikatsuku
noun life's struggles
Common word
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一苦労 ひとくろう
hitokurou
noun auxillary suru verb a hard time, pains
Common word
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四苦八苦 しくはっく
shikuhakku
  1. noun auxillary suru verb being in dire distress, being hard put to it
  2. Buddhist term the four and eight kinds of suffering
Common word
ADD +
苦り切る にがりきる
nigarikiru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to look sour (disgusted)
Common word
ADD +
寝苦しい ねぐるしい
negurushii
adjective unable to sleep well
Common word
ADD +
息苦しい いきぐるしい
ikigurushii
adjective choking, oppressive, suffocating
Common word
ADD +
重苦しい おもくるしい
omokurushii
adjective heavy, gloomy, awkward, cumbrous, oppressive, leaden
Common word
ADD +
苦々しい にがにがしい
niganigashii
adjective unpleasant, disgusting, loathsome, shameful, scandalous
Common word
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苦苦しい にがにがしい
niganigashii
adjective unpleasant, disgusting, loathsome, shameful, scandalous
Common word
ADD +
悪戦苦闘 あくせんくとう
akusenkutou
noun auxillary suru verb hard fighting, hard struggle, fighting against heavy odds
Common word
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心苦しい こころぐるしい
kokorogurushii
adjective painful, being sorry, feeling sorry
Common word
ADD +
取り越し苦労 とりこしぐろう
torikoshigurou
noun overanxiety, needless worry
Common word
ADD +
取越し苦労 とりこしぐろう
torikoshigurou
noun overanxiety, needless worry
Common word
ADD +
とりこし苦労 とりこしぐろう
torikoshigurou
noun overanxiety, needless worry
Common word
ADD +
取越苦労 とりこしぐろう
torikoshigurou
noun overanxiety, needless worry
Common word
ADD +
苦味 くみ
kumi
noun no-adjective bitterness, bitter taste
Common word
ADD +
固苦しい かたぐるしい
katagurushii
adjective formal, strict, ceremonious, stiff
Common word
ADD +
堅苦しい かたぐるしい
katagurushii
adjective formal, strict, ceremonious, stiff
Common word
ADD +
愛別離苦 あいべつりく
aibetsuriku
noun Buddhist term the pain of separation from loved ones
赤苦津 あかぐつ
akagutsu
noun usually kana starry handfish (Halieutaea stellata)
暑苦しい あつくるしい
atsukurushii
adjective sultry, sweltering
岩苦菜 いわにがな
iwanigana
noun usually kana creeping lettuce (Ixeris stolonifera)
餓えに苦しむ うえにくるしむ
uenikurushimu
Expression Godan-mu verb to be suffering from hunger
親を苦しめる おやをくるしめる
oyawokurushimeru
Expression Ichidan verb to cause one's parents distress
怨憎会苦 おんぞうえく
onzoueku
noun Buddhist term the pain of meeting people one dislikes
苦酒 からさけ
karasake
noun archaism obscure vinegar
苦酒 からざけ
karazake
noun archaism obscure vinegar
艱苦 かんく
kanku
noun auxillary suru verb privation suffering
甘苦 かんく
kanku
noun sweetness and bitterness, joys and sorrows
寒苦 かんく
kanku
noun suffering caused by the cold
寒苦鳥 かんくちょう
kankuchou
noun Buddhist term imaginary bird living in the Indian Himalayas (used as a Buddhist metaphor)
寒苦鳥 かんくとり
kankutori
noun Buddhist term imaginary bird living in the Indian Himalayas (used as a Buddhist metaphor)
寒苦鳥 かんくどり
kankudori
noun Buddhist term imaginary bird living in the Indian Himalayas (used as a Buddhist metaphor)
艱難苦労 かんなんくろう
kannankurou
noun trials and tribulations, adversities, suffering hardships and troubles
艱難辛苦 かんなんしんく
kannanshinku
noun trial and tribulation, hardships, privations, difficulties
聞き苦しい ききぐるしい
kikigurushii
adjective difficult to hear, unpleasant to hear
聞苦しい ききぐるしい
kikigurushii
adjective difficult to hear, unpleasant to hear
勤苦 きんく
kinku
noun auxillary suru verb toil and hardship
苦有れば楽有り くあればらくあり
kuarebarakuari
Expression idiomatic expression No cross, no crown
苦役 くえき
kueki
noun no-adjective hard toil
苦界 くがい
kugai
  1. noun Buddhist term world of suffering
  2. life of prostitution
苦灰石 くかいせき
kukaiseki
noun dolomite
苦界に身を沈める くがいにみをしずめる
kugainimiwoshizumeru
Expression Ichidan verb to become a prostitute (sink into a brothel)
苦学生 くがくせい
kugakusei
noun working (self-supporting) student
苦学力行 くがくりっこう
kugakurikkou
noun auxillary suru verb strenuous pursuit of learning under difficulties
苦寒 くかん
kukan
noun coldest time of the year, bitter suffering
苦行者 くぎょうしゃ
kugyousha
noun ascetic
苦吟 くぎん
kugin
noun auxillary suru verb laborious composition, struggling to compose a poem
苦患 くげん
kugen
noun Buddhist term hellish pain, suffering, distress, agony
苦汁 くじゅう
kujuu
noun bitter liquid, bitter experience
苦集滅道 くじゅうめつどう
kujuumetsudou
noun Buddhist term Suffering, Source of Suffering Desire, The Cessation of Suffering, The Way Leading to the Cessation of Suffering (The Four Noble Truths of Buddhism)
苦汁をなめる くじゅうをなめる
kujuuwonameru
Expression Ichidan verb to have a bitter experience
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