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English Reference for kurushii (くるしい)

Kanji
しい
Kana
くるしい
kurushii
Definitions
  1. adjective painful, difficult, agonizing
  2. needy, tight (budget), straitened (circumstances)
  3. forced (smile, joke), lame (excuse), strained (interpretation)
  4. awkward (situation), painful (position)
  5. suffix adjective (after masu stem) hard to do, unpleasant
Conjugations
adjective (keiyoushi) conjugations
Plain/Informal Polite/Formal Negative Plain/Informal Negative Polite/Formal
Present Indicative くるしい
kurushii
くるしいです
kurushiidesu
くるしくない
kurushikunai
くるしくありません
kurushikuarimasen
くるしくないです
kurushikunaidesu
Past Indicative くるしかった
kurushikatta
くるしかったです
kurushikattadesu
くるしなかった
kurushinakatta
くるしくありませんでした
kurushikuarimasendeshita
くるしくなかったでです
kurushikunakattadedesu
te-form くるしくて
kurushikute
Volitional くるしかろう
kurushikarou
Provisional くるしくければ
kurushikukereba
くるしくなければ
kurushikunakereba
Causative くるしくさせる
kurushikusaseru
くるしくさせない
kurushikusasenai
* Conjugations are automatically generated, if you find any issues please send feedback
Example sentences
Their grace comes from hard work, sweat, and pain
He meditated on his past life of suffering
It is generally accepted that a person cannot be successful in life without a lot of hard work
Death is preferable to such suffering
His family is rather badly off
He had not gone though all that hard training for nothing - he won first prize
They were badly off in the village
People were choked with the gas
To some life is pleasure, to others suffering
Danger past, God forgotten
See Also