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Vocabulary list for JLPT N1

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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
衛星 えいせい
eisei
noun no-adjective satellite
英雄 えいゆう
eiyuu
  1. noun hero, heroine, great person
  2. Eroica Symphony (Beethoven, 1804)
  3. abbreviation Heroic Polonaise (Chopin)
Common word
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えき
eki
noun noun (suffix) liquid, fluid
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閲覧 えつらん
etsuran
  1. noun auxillary suru verb inspection, reading
  2. computer term browsing (the WWW, Internet), web browsing
Common word
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獲物 えもの
emono
noun game, spoils, trophy, prey
Common word
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エレガント
ereganto
na-adjective noun elegant
えん
en
  1. noun fate, destiny (esp. as a mysterious force that binds two people together)
  2. relationship (e.g. between two people), bond, link, connection
  3. family ties, affinity
  4. opportunity, chance (to meet someone and start a relationship)
  5. Buddhist term pratyaya (indirect conditions, as opposed to direct causes)
  6. narrow open-air veranda
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
円滑 えんかつ
enkatsu
na-adjective smooth, undisturbed, uninterrupted, harmonious
Common word
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縁側 えんがわ
engawa
  1. noun veranda, porch, balcony, open corridor
  2. bone at the base of a fin, meat at the base of a fin (esp. of a flatfish)
Common word
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沿岸 えんがん
engan
noun no-adjective coast, shore, littoral
Common word
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婉曲 えんきょく
enkyoku
na-adjective noun euphemistic, circumlocution, roundabout, indirect
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エンジニア
enjinia
noun engineer
演出 えんしゅつ
enshutsu
noun auxillary suru verb production (e.g. play), direction
Common word
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演じる えんじる
enjiru
Ichidan verb transitive verb to perform (a play), to play (a part), to act (a part), to commit (a blunder)
Common word
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演ずる えんずる
enzuru
ichidan-zuru verb transitive verb to perform, to play
Common word
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沿線 えんせん
ensen
noun no-adjective along railway line
Common word
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縁談 えんだん
endan
noun marriage proposal, engagement
Common word
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遠方 えんぽう
enpou
noun no-adjective long way, distant place
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円満 えんまん
enman
na-adjective noun perfection, harmony, peace, smoothness, completeness, satisfaction, integrity
Common word
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o
  1. noun tail (animal, kite, comet, etc.), tail end
  2. slope at the foot of a mountain
Common word
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追い込む おいこむ
oikomu
Godan-mu verb transitive verb to herd, to corner, to drive
Common word
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追い出す おいだす
oidasu
Godan-su verb transitive verb to expel, to drive out
Common word
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於て おいて
oite
conjunction usually kana at, in, on
Common word
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老いる おいる
oiru
Ichidan verb intransitive verb to age, to grow old
Common word
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負う おう
ou
  1. Godan-u verb transitive verb to bear, to carry on one's back
  2. to take responsibility for, to accept a duty
  3. to be injured
  4. to owe
Common word
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応急 おうきゅう
oukyuu
noun no-adjective emergency, first-aid
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黄金 おうごん
ougon
noun no-adjective gold
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往診 おうしん
oushin
noun auxillary suru verb doctor's visit, house call
Common word
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大方 おおかた
ookata
adverbial noun noun perhaps, almost all, majority
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大柄 おおがら
oogara
  1. na-adjective noun no-adjective large build
  2. large pattern
Common word
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大げさ おおげさ
oogesa
na-adjective noun grandiose, exaggerated
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大筋 おおすじ
oosuji
noun outline, summary
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大空 おおぞら
oozora
noun heavens, firmament, sky
Common word
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オートマチック
ootomachikku
na-adjective no-adjective noun automatic
Common word
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オーバー
oobaa
  1. na-adjective noun auxillary suru verb abbreviation overcoat
  2. over, exceeding, going beyond, exaggeration
  3. ball hit over the head of an outfielder (baseball)
大幅 おおはば
oohaba
  1. na-adjective noun big, large, drastic, substantial
  2. noun full-width cloth (approx. 72 cm wide for traditional Japanese clothing; approx. 140 cm wide for Western clothing)
Common word
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オープン
oopun
na-adjective noun auxillary suru verb open
大まか おおまか
oomaka
  1. na-adjective noun rough (e.g. sketch, approximation), broad, general, loose
  2. generous, openhanded
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大水 おおみず
oomizu
noun no-adjective flood
Common word
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おおやけ
ooyake
no-adjective noun public, open, formal, official, governmental
Common word
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侵す おかす
okasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to invade, to raid, to violate (airspace, etc.), to intrude, to trespass
  2. to infringe, to encroach
  3. to harm, to afflict, to affect
Common word
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犯す おかす
okasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to commit (e.g. crime), to perpetrate
  2. to transgress, to contravene
  3. to violate, to ravish, to rape, to deflower
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臆病 おくびょう
okubyou
na-adjective noun cowardice, timidity
Common word
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遅らす おくらす
okurasu
Godan-su verb transitive verb to retard, to delay
Common word
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遅れ おくれ
okure
noun delay, lag, postponement, falling behind
Common word
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厳か おごそか
ogosoka
na-adjective noun solemn (e.g. ceremony, atmosphere), austere, majestic, dignified, stately, awful, impressive
Common word
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行い おこない
okonai
noun deed, act, action, conduct, behavior, behaviour, asceticism
Common word
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奢る おごる
ogoru
  1. Godan-ru verb transitive verb to give (someone) a treat
  2. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to be extravagant, to live luxuriously
  3. to be proud, to be haughty
Common word
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治まる おさまる
osamaru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to be at peace, to clamp down, to lessen (storm, terror, anger)
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収まる おさまる
osamaru
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to be in one's place, to be installed, to settle into
  2. to be delivered, to be obtained, to be paid
  3. to be settled, to be sorted out
  4. to lessen (e.g. of storms, pain), to calm down
  5. to be fit tightly into (e.g. a frame), to be sheathed (in a scabbard)
Common word
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お産 おさん
osan
noun polite language (giving) birth, childbirth, delivery, confinement
Common word
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教え おしえ
oshie
noun teaching, instruction, teachings, precept, lesson, doctrine
Common word
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押し切る おしきる
oshikiru
  1. Godan-ru verb transitive verb to face down the opposition, to overcome resistance, to have one's own way
  2. to press and cut
Common word
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押し込む おしこむ
oshikomu
  1. Godan-mu verb intransitive verb transitive verb to push into, to cram into, to stuff into, to crowd into
  2. transitive verb to break in, to burglarize
Common word
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惜しむ おしむ
oshimu
  1. Godan-mu verb transitive verb to be frugal, to be sparing
  2. to value, to hold dear
  3. to regret (e.g. a loss), to feel sorry (for)
  4. to be unwilling, to be reluctant
Common word
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押し寄せる おしよせる
oshiyoseru
Ichidan verb intransitive verb to advance on, to close in, to march on, to descend on (the enemy), to move towards, to surge forward (crowd, wave of nostalgia, wave, etc.), to rush for (the door), to inundate, to overwhelm, to push aside
Common word
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おす
osu
noun no-adjective male (animal)
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襲う おそう
osou
  1. Godan-u verb transitive verb to attack, to assail, to make an assault, to strike, to hunt down
  2. to succeed (someone in a post, role, etc.)
  3. to make a sudden visit
Common word
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遅くとも おそくとも
osokutomo
adverb at the latest
Common word
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恐れ おそれ
osore
noun fear, horror, anxiety, concern, uneasiness
Common word
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恐れ入る おそれいる
osoreiru
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to be sorry, to beg pardon, to be much obliged, to feel small
  2. to be grateful
  3. to be amazed, to be filled with awe, to be surprised
  4. to be disconcerted, to be embarrassed
Common word
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煽てる おだてる
odateru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to flatter, to soft-soap
  2. to instigate, to stir up
Common word
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落ち込む おちこむ
ochikomu
  1. Godan-mu verb intransitive verb to feel down (sad)
  2. to be in a slump (e.g. business, economy), to be in an unfavourable condition
  3. to fall into (e.g. a hole)
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落ち着き おちつき
ochitsuki
  1. noun calmness, composure, presence of mind
  2. stability, steadiness
Common word
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落ち葉 おちば
ochiba
  1. noun auxillary suru verb fallen leaves, leaf litter
  2. no-adjective deciduous
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お使い おつかい
otsukai
  1. noun polite language errand, mission, going as envoy
  2. polite language messenger, bearer, errand boy, errand girl
  3. polite language honorific language familiar spirit
Common word
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おっかない
okkanai
  1. adjective colloquialism frightening, scary
  2. colloquialism extreme, exaggerated, huge
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OK オッケー
okkee
Expression colloquialism OK
Common word
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おどおど
odoodo
adverb to-adverb auxillary suru verb onomatopia coweringly, hesitantly
Common word
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訪れる おとずれる
otozureru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to visit, to call on
  2. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to arrive, to come, to appear
Common word
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お供 おとも
otomo
noun auxillary suru verb attendant, companion
Common word
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衰える おとろえる
otoroeru
Ichidan verb intransitive verb to become weak, to decline, to wear, to abate, to decay, to wither, to waste away
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驚き おどろき
odoroki
noun surprise, astonishment, wonder
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
同い年 おないどし
onaidoshi
noun no-adjective the same age
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自ずから おのずから
onozukara
adverb naturally, as a matter of course
Common word
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怯える おびえる
obieru
Ichidan verb intransitive verb to become frightened, to be frightened (of), to be scared (of)
Common word
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夥しい おびただしい
obitadashii
adjective usually kana large number, innumerable, great many, immense, vast, abundant
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脅かす おびやかす
obiyakasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to intimidate, to scare
  2. to jeopardize, to endanger, to imperil
Common word
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帯びる おびる
obiru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to wear (sword, decoration, etc.), to carry
  2. to be entrusted (e.g. with a mission), to take on
  3. to have a trace of, to be tinged with
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お袋 おふくろ
ofukuro
noun colloquialism usually kana one's mother
Common word
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覚え おぼえ
oboe
noun memory, sense, experience
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お負け おまけ
omake
  1. noun auxillary suru verb freebie (e.g. with a purchase), something additional, bonus, an extra
  2. (on the spot) price reduction
  3. exaggeration
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お宮 おみや
omiya
noun Shinto shrine
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御襁褓 おむつ
omutsu
noun usually kana diaper, nappy
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思い付き おもいつき
omoitsuki
noun plan, idea, suggestion
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趣き おもむき
omomuki
  1. noun meaning, tenor, gist
  2. effect, influence
  3. appearance, aspect
  4. taste
  5. grace, charm, refinement
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赴く おもむく
omomuku
  1. Godan-ku verb intransitive verb to go in the direction of, to proceed toward, to proceed according to, to repair to, to betake oneself to
  2. to become, to face (facts, circumstances, etc.)
  3. archaism to abide by, to agree to, to consent to, to obey
Common word
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重んじる おもんじる
omonjiru
Ichidan verb transitive verb to respect, to honor, to honour, to esteem, to prize
Common word
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重んずる おもんずる
omonzuru
ichidan-zuru verb transitive verb to honor, to honour, to respect, to esteem, to prize
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親父 おやじ
oyaji
noun one's father, old man, one's boss
Common word
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及び および
oyobi
conjunction and, as well as
Common word
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及ぶ およぶ
oyobu
  1. Godan-bu verb intransitive verb to reach, to amount to, to befall, to happen to, to extend
  2. to be up to the task, to come up to
  3. to compare with, to be a match (for)
  4. to commit (a crime)
  5. to require (to do) (usu. used in the negative)
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おり
ori
  1. noun opportunity, chance, occasion, time
  2. noun counter fold, pleat, crease
  3. small food box (wooden or cardboard)
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おり
ori
noun cage, pen, jail cell, gaol cell
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オリエンテーション
orienteeshon
noun orientation
折り返す おりかえす
orikaesu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to turn up, to fold back
  2. computer term to loopback (a signal, a message)
Common word
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織物 おりもの
orimono
noun textile, fabric
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おれ
ore
pronoun no-adjective male term I, me
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愚か おろか
oroka
na-adjective noun foolish, stupid
Common word
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疎か おろか
oroka
  1. na-adjective noun neglect, negligence, carelessness
  2. Expression usually kana not to mention ..., needless to say ..., not to speak of ..., not only ...
Common word
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