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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
とし
toshi
  1. adverbial noun noun year
  2. noun many years
  3. suffix noun age
  4. adverbial noun noun past one's prime, old age
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
ねん
nen
  1. noun year (e.g. AD)
  2. counter counter for years
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
今年 ことし
kotoshi
adverbial noun noun (temporal) this year
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
去年 きょねん
kyonen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) last year
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
毎年 まいとし
maitoshi
noun (temporal) every year, yearly, annually
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
来年 らいねん
rainen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) next year
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
再来年 さらいねん
sarainen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) year after next
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
一昨年 いっさくねん
issakunen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) year before last
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
成年 せいねん
seinen
noun adult age, majority
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
青年 せいねん
seinen
noun youth, young man
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年上 としうえ
toshiue
noun no-adjective older, senior
Common word
JLPT N3ADD +
年月 としつき
toshitsuki
noun months and years
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年鑑 ねんかん
nenkan
noun yearbook, almanac, annual
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
年間 ねんかん
nenkan
noun (temporal) year (period of)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年代 ねんだい
nendai
noun age, era, period, date
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年齢 ねんれい
nenrei
noun age, years
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
少年 しょうねん
shounen
noun boy, juvenile, young boy, youth, lad
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年中 ねんじゅう
nenjuu
  1. noun whole year, all year round, throughout the year
  2. adverb always, all the time
  3. noun middle class (of a nursery school, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
生年月日 せいねんがっぴ
seinengappi
noun birth date
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N3ADD +
年度 ねんど
nendo
  1. noun noun (suffix) fiscal year (usu. April 1 to March 31 in Japan), financial year
  2. academic year, school year
  3. product year
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
学年 がくねん
gakunen
noun year in school, grade in school
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
年生 ねんせい
nensei
noun (suffix) pupil in ... year, student in ... year
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
中年 ちゅうねん
chuunen
noun no-adjective middle-age, middle age, midlife, one's middle years
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
青少年 せいしょうねん
seishounen
noun youth, young person
Common word
JLPT N2ADD +
年賀 ねんが
nenga
noun New Year's greetings, New Year's card
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
元年 がんねん
gannen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) first year (of a specific reign)
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
定年 ていねん
teinen
  1. noun retirement age
  2. archaism years of service in a military rank before eligibility for promotion
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
年頃 としごろ
toshigoro
  1. adverb noun approximate age, apparent age
  2. marriageable age (esp. of a woman), age of independence, age of adulthood
  3. (after modifying phrase) appropriate age (to ...), old enough (to ...)
  4. noun adverbial noun archaism for some years
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
年号 ねんごう
nengou
noun name of an era, year number
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
年輪 ねんりん
nenrin
noun annual tree ring
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
晩年 ばんねん
bannen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) (one's) last years
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
年長 ねんちょう
nenchou
na-adjective noun seniority
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
同い年 おないどし
onaidoshi
noun no-adjective the same age
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
年始 ねんし
nenshi
noun (temporal) New Year's call, beginning of the year, New Year's greetings
Common word
ADD +
昨年 さくねん
sakunen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) last year
Common word
ADD +
新年 しんねん
shinnen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) New Year
Common word
ADD +
前年 ぜんねん
zennen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) the preceding year, the previous year, last year
Common word
ADD +
年下 としした
toshishita
noun no-adjective younger, junior
Common word
ADD +
長年 ながねん
naganen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) long time, many years
Common word
ADD +
年月 ねんげつ
nengetsu
noun months and years
Common word
ADD +
年頭 ねんとう
nentou
  1. noun beginning of the year
  2. the oldest person
Common word
ADD +
年々 ねんねん
nennen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) years, year by year, annually, considering his age
Common word
ADD +
年配 ねんぱい
nenpai
noun no-adjective elderly, age, years
Common word
ADD +
年輩 ねんぱい
nenpai
noun no-adjective elderly, age, years
Common word
ADD +
年末 ねんまつ
nenmatsu
adverbial noun noun (temporal) end-of-year
Common word
ADD +
半年 はんとし
hantoshi
adverbial noun noun (temporal) half year
Common word
ADD +
半年 はんねん
hannen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) half year
Common word
ADD +
平年 へいねん
heinen
  1. adverbial noun noun non-leap year
  2. normal year (esp. as pertains to weather patterns, vegetative growth, harvest yields, etc.)
Common word
ADD +
本年 ほんねん
honnen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) this (current) year
Common word
ADD +
毎年 まいねん
mainen
noun (temporal) every year, yearly, annually
Common word
ADD +
翌年 よくねん
yokunen
noun (temporal) following year
Common word
ADD +
例年 れいねん
reinen
  1. adverbial noun noun (temporal) average (normal, ordinary) year
  2. every year, annually
Common word
ADD +
一昨年 おととし
ototoshi
adverbial noun noun (temporal) year before last
Common word
ADD +
年寄り としより
toshiyori
  1. noun old people, the aged
  2. sumo term trustee of the Japan Sumo Association, retired high-ranking wrestler who is licensed to coach and receives retirement pay
  3. senior statesman (of the Tokugawa shogunate)
  4. important local official (under the Tokugawa Shogunate)
Common word
ADD +
おと年 おととし
ototoshi
adverbial noun noun (temporal) year before last
Common word
ADD +
停年 ていねん
teinen
  1. noun retirement age
  2. archaism years of service in a military rank before eligibility for promotion
Common word
ADD +
年ごろ としごろ
toshigoro
  1. adverb noun approximate age, apparent age
  2. marriageable age (esp. of a woman), age of independence, age of adulthood
  3. (after modifying phrase) appropriate age (to ...), old enough (to ...)
  4. noun adverbial noun archaism for some years
Common word
ADD +
年寄 としより
toshiyori
  1. noun old people, the aged
  2. sumo term trustee of the Japan Sumo Association, retired high-ranking wrestler who is licensed to coach and receives retirement pay
  3. senior statesman (of the Tokugawa shogunate)
  4. important local official (under the Tokugawa Shogunate)
Common word
ADD +
年より としより
toshiyori
  1. noun old people, the aged
  2. sumo term trustee of the Japan Sumo Association, retired high-ranking wrestler who is licensed to coach and receives retirement pay
  3. senior statesman (of the Tokugawa shogunate)
  4. important local official (under the Tokugawa Shogunate)
Common word
ADD +
永年 ながねん
naganen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) long time, many years
Common word
ADD +
年年 ねんねん
nennen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) years, year by year, annually, considering his age
Common word
ADD +
年令 ねんれい
nenrei
noun age, years
Common word
ADD +
閏年 うるうどし
uruudoshi
noun no-adjective usually kana leap year
Common word
ADD +
年収 ねんしゅう
nenshuu
noun annual income
Common word
ADD +
年表 ねんぴょう
nenpyou
noun chronological tables, chronology
Common word
ADD +
明年 みょうねん
myounen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) next year
Common word
ADD +
留年 りゅうねん
ryuunen
noun auxillary suru verb repeating the same class (school), staying in the same class for two or more years
Common word
ADD +
お年玉 おとしだま
otoshidama
noun New Year's gift (usu. money given to a child by relatives and visitors)
Common word
ADD +
年月日 ねんがっぴ
nengappi
noun date
Common word
ADD +
未成年 みせいねん
miseinen
noun minor, not of age
Common word
ADD +
年取った としとった
toshitotta
prenominal aged
Common word
ADD +
うるう年 うるうどし
uruudoshi
noun no-adjective usually kana leap year
Common word
ADD +
御年玉 おとしだま
otoshidama
noun New Year's gift (usu. money given to a child by relatives and visitors)
Common word
ADD +
さ来年 さらいねん
sarainen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) year after next
Common word
ADD +
未青年 みせいねん
miseinen
noun minor, not of age
Common word
ADD +
年賀状 ねんがじょう
nengajou
noun New Year's card
Common word
ADD +
忘年会 ぼうねんかい
bounenkai
noun year-end party
Common word
ADD +
万年筆 まんねんひつ
mannenhitsu
noun fountain pen
Common word
ADD +
一年中 いちねんじゅう
ichinenjuu
adverbial noun noun (temporal) all year round
Common word
ADD +
謹賀新年 きんがしんねん
kingashinnen
interjection Happy New Year!
Common word
ADD +
一年じゅう いちねんじゅう
ichinenjuu
adverbial noun noun (temporal) all year round
Common word
ADD +
年金 ねんきん
nenkin
noun no-adjective annuity, pension
Common word
ADD +
周年 しゅうねん
shuunen
noun whole year, anniversary
Common word
ADD +
年内 ねんない
nennai
noun by the end of the year
Common word
ADD +
今年度 こんねんど
konnendo
adverbial noun noun (temporal) this year, this fiscal year, this school year
Common word
ADD +
前年度 ぜんねんど
zennendo
adverbial noun noun preceding fiscal year
Common word
ADD +
同年 どうねん
dounen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) that year, same year, same age
Common word
ADD +
近年 きんねん
kinnen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) recent years
Common word
ADD +
昨年度 さくねんど
sakunendo
adverbial noun previous year (fiscal, academic, etc.)
Common word
ADD +
一年生 いちねんせい
ichinensei
  1. noun annual (plant)
  2. first-year student
Common word
ADD +
厚生年金 こうせいねんきん
kouseinenkin
noun welfare pension
Common word
ADD +
年次 ねんじ
nenji
  1. noun annual
  2. fiscal year, school year
  3. suffix year (in some sequence)
Common word
ADD +
年俸 ねんぽう
nenpou
noun annual salary
Common word
ADD +
年明け ねんあけ
nenake
  1. noun beginning of the year, early in the New Year
  2. expiration of a term of service
Common word
ADD +
年産 ねんさん
nensan
noun annual production
Common word
ADD +
年来 ねんらい
nenrai
adverbial noun noun (temporal) for some years
Common word
ADD +
年率 ねんりつ
nenritsu
noun annual rate (of interest)
Common word
ADD +
越年 えつねん
etsunen
noun auxillary suru verb ring out the old year, hibernation
Common word
ADD +
往年 おうねん
ounen
noun no-adjective former, one-time, years ago
Common word
ADD +
初年 しょねん
shonen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) first year, early years (of a reign or era)
Common word
ADD +
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