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Vocabulary list for JLPT N4

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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
挨拶 あいさつ
aisatsu
  1. noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective greeting, greetings, salutation, salute, polite set phrase used when meeting or parting from somebody
  2. polite set phrase used to express apology, sympathy, congratulations, etc.
  3. speech (congratulatory or appreciative), address
  4. reply, response
  5. slang revenge, retaliation
  6. Expression a fine thing to say (used as part of a sarcastic response to a rude remark)
  7. dialoging (with another Zen practitioner to ascertain their level of enlightenment)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
あいだ
aida
  1. adverbial noun noun space (between), gap, interval, distance
  2. adverbial noun noun (temporal) time (between), pause, break
  3. adverbial noun noun noun (temporal) span (temporal or spatial), stretch, period (while)
  4. adverbial noun noun relationship (between, among)
  5. members (within, among)
  6. conjunction archaism due to, because of
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
合う あう
au
  1. Godan-u verb intransitive verb to come together, to merge, to unite, to meet
  2. to fit, to match, to suit, to agree with, to be correct
  3. to be profitable, to be equitable
  4. suffix Godan-u verb (after the -masu stem of a verb) to do ... to each other, to do ... together
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
赤ちゃん あかちゃん
akachan
noun baby, infant
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
上がる あがる
agaru
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised
  2. to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in
  3. to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade
  4. to get out (of water), to come ashore
  5. to increase
  6. to improve, to make progress
  7. to be promoted, to advance
  8. to be made (of profit, etc.)
  9. to occur (esp. of a favourable result)
  10. to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.)
  11. to be finished, to be done, to be over
  12. (of rain) to stop, to lift
  13. to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die
  14. to win (in a card game, etc.)
  15. to be arrested
  16. to turn up (of evidence, etc.)
  17. to be deep fried
  18. to be spoken loudly
  19. to get stage fright
  20. to be offered (to the gods, etc.)
  21. humble language to go, to visit
  22. honorific language to eat, to drink
  23. to be listed (as a candidate)
  24. to serve (in one's master's home)
  25. (in Kyoto) to go north
  26. suffix Godan-ru verb (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
赤ん坊 あかんぼう
akanbou
noun baby, infant
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
アクセサリー
akusesarii
noun accessory
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
浅い あさい
asai
  1. adjective shallow, superficial
  2. slight (wound), light (sleep), pale (colour), inadequate (knowledge)
  3. short (time), early, young
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
あじ
aji
  1. na-adjective noun flavor, flavour, taste
  2. charm, style
  3. experience
  4. na-adjective smart, clever, witty, strange
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
亜細亜 あじあ
ajia
  1. noun usually kana Asia (esp. "the Far East")
  2. no-adjective Asian, Asiatic
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
遊び あそび
asobi
  1. noun noun (suffix) playing
  2. usually kana play (margin between on and off, gap before pressing button or lever has an effect)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
集まる あつまる
atsumaru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to gather, to collect, to assemble
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N4ADD +
集める あつめる
atsumeru
Ichidan verb transitive verb to collect, to assemble, to gather
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
アナウンサー
anaunsaa
noun announcer
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
彼の あの
ano
pre-noun adjectival usually kana that (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
Common word
JLPT N4JLPT N5ADD +
阿弗利加 アフリカ
afurika
noun no-adjective usually kana Africa
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
亜米利加 アメリカ
amerika
  1. noun usually kana America
  2. usually kana United States of America
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
謝る あやまる
ayamaru
Godan-ru verb to apologize, to apologise
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
アルバイト
arubaito
  1. noun auxillary suru verb part-time job, side job
  2. noun albite
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
安心 あんしん
anshin
na-adjective noun auxillary suru verb relief, peace of mind
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
安全 あんぜん
anzen
  1. na-adjective noun safety
  2. security
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
あんな
anna
pre-noun adjectival such (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
案内 あんない
annai
  1. noun information, guidance, leading
  2. auxillary suru verb to guide, to show (around), to conduct
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
以下 いか
ika
  1. noun not exceeding, and downward, ... and below
  2. below (e.g. standard), under (e.g. a level)
  3. the below-mentioned, the following, the rest
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
以外 いがい
igai
adverbial noun with the exception of, excepting
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
医学 いがく
igaku
noun medical science, medicine
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
生きる いきる
ikiru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to live, to exist
  2. to make a living, to subsist
  3. to be in effect, to be in use, to function
  4. to come to life, to be enlivened
  5. to be safe (in baseball, go, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
意見 いけん
iken
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective opinion, view, comment
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N4ADD +
いし
ishi
  1. noun stone
  2. gem, jewel
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
苛める いじめる
ijimeru
Ichidan verb transitive verb usually kana to tease, to torment, to persecute, to chastise
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
以上 いじょう
ijou
  1. adverbial noun noun (temporal) not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards
  2. beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay more than that)
  3. above-mentioned, foregoing
  4. since ..., seeing that ...
  5. this is all, that is the end, the end
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
急ぐ いそぐ
isogu
Godan-gu verb intransitive verb transitive verb to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
致す いたす
itasu
Godan-su verb transitive verb humble language to do
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
戴く いただく
itadaku
  1. Godan-ku verb transitive verb humble language to receive, to get, to accept, to take, to buy
  2. humble language polite language to eat, to drink
  3. to be crowned with, to wear (on one's head), to have (on top)
  4. to have (as one's leader), to live under (a ruler), to install (a president)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
一度 いちど
ichido
  1. adverbial noun once, one time, on one occasion
  2. temporarily, for a moment
  3. one degree, one tone, one musical interval
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
一生懸命 いっしょうけんめい
isshoukenmei
na-adjective adverbial noun noun very hard, with utmost effort, with all one's might, for dear life
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
一杯 いっぱい
ippai
  1. na-adjective adverb noun no-adjective amount necessary to fill a container (e.g. cupful, spoonful, etc.), drink (usu. alcoholic)
  2. full
  3. one squid, octopus, crab, etc., one boat
  4. adverb no-adjective na-adjective usually kana fully, to capacity
  5. usually kana a lot, much
  6. noun (suffix) adverbial noun usually kana all of ..., the entire ...
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
いと
ito
noun noun (suffix) thread, yarn, string
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
以内 いない
inai
noun noun (suffix) within, inside of, less than
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
田舎 いなか
inaka
  1. noun no-adjective sensitive rural area, countryside, the sticks
  2. hometown
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
祈る いのる
inoru
Godan-ru verb transitive verb to pray, to wish
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
いらっしゃる
irassharu
  1. Godan-aru verb (special) intransitive verb honorific language to come, to go, to be (somewhere)
  2. auxiliary verb (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
いん
in
noun noun (suffix) member
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
植える うえる
ueru
Ichidan verb transitive verb to plant, to grow
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
窺う うかがう
ukagau
  1. Godan-u verb transitive verb to peep (through), to peek, to examine (esp. covertly)
  2. to await (one's chance)
  3. to guess, to infer, to gather, to surmise
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
伺う うかがう
ukagau
  1. Godan-u verb transitive verb humble language to ask, to inquire, to hear, to be told
  2. to implore (a god for an oracle), to seek direction (from your superior)
  3. Godan-u verb intransitive verb humble language to visit
  4. to speak to (a large crowd at a theatre, etc.)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
受付 うけつけ
uketsuke
  1. noun reception (desk), information desk
  2. noun auxillary suru verb receipt, acceptance
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
受ける うける
ukeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to receive, to get
  2. to catch (e.g. a ball)
  3. to be struck by (wind, waves, sunlight, etc.)
  4. to sustain (damage), to incur (a loss), to suffer (an injury), to feel (influence)
  5. to undergo (e.g. surgery), to take (a test), to accept (a challenge)
  6. to be given (e.g. life, talent)
  7. to follow, to succeed, to be descended from
  8. to face (south, etc.)
  9. linguistics to be modified by
  10. to obtain (a pawned item, etc.) by paying a fee
  11. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to be well-received, to become popular, to go down well
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
動く うごく
ugoku
  1. Godan-ku verb intransitive verb to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing
  2. to operate, to run, to go, to work
  3. to be touched, to be influenced
  4. to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver
  5. certain, factual
  6. to be transferred
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
うそ
uso
  1. noun lie, falsehood, incorrect fact
  2. colloquialism Really!, Unbelievable!, No way!
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
うち
uchi
  1. noun no-adjective inside, within
  2. while
  3. among, amongst, between
  4. pronoun no-adjective we (referring to one's in-group, i.e. company, etc.), our
  5. my spouse
  6. noun archaism imperial palace grounds
  7. archaism emperor
  8. pronoun no-adjective I (primarily used by women and children), me
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
打つ うつ
utsu
  1. Godan-tsu verb transitive verb to hit, to strike, to knock, to beat, to punch, to slap, to tap, to bang, to clap, to pound
  2. to strike (noon, etc.), to sound (cymbals, etc.), to beat (a drum, etc.)
  3. to beat (rhythmically, e.g. pulse, waves, etc.)
  4. to move, to impress, to touch
  5. to drive in, to hammer in, to put in, to inject
  6. to type, to send, to transmit
  7. to insert, to write in, to mark
  8. to make (noodles, etc.), to prepare
  9. to till (soil)
  10. to sprinkle, to throw, to cast
  11. to do, to carry out, to play, to perform, to engage in (gambling, etc.)
  12. to pay (a deposit, etc.)
  13. to visit (on a pilgrimage)
  14. to line (a coat)
  15. to bind (a criminal)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
美しい うつくしい
utsukushii
adjective beautiful, lovely
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
写す うつす
utsusu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to transcribe, to duplicate, to reproduce, to imitate, to trace
  2. to describe
  3. to film, to picture, to photograph
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
移る うつる
utsuru
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to move (house), to transfer (department)
  2. to change the target of interest or concern
  3. to elapse (passage of time)
  4. to be permeated by a colour or scent
  5. usually kana to be infected, to be contagious, to spread (as in fire)
うで
ude
  1. noun arm
  2. skill
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
旨い うまい
umai
  1. adjective skillful, clever, expert, wise, successful
  2. delicious, appetizing, appetising
  3. fortunate, splendid, promising
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
うら
ura
  1. noun bottom (or another side that is hidden from view), undersurface, opposite side, reverse side
  2. rear, back, behind (the house)
  3. lining, inside
  4. out of sight, behind the scenes
  5. proof
  6. opposite (of a prediction, common sense, etc.)
  7. inverse (of a hypothesis, etc.)
  8. bottom (of an inning), last half (of an inning)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
売り場 うりば
uriba
noun no-adjective place where things are sold, point of sale, POS, sales floor, counter (in shop)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
嬉しい うれしい
ureshii
adjective usually kana happy, glad, pleasant
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
うん
un
interjection yes, yeah, uh huh
運転 うんてん
unten
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective operation, motion, driving
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
運転手 うんてんしゅ
untenshu
noun driver, chauffeur
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
運動 うんどう
undou
noun auxillary suru verb motion, exercise
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
エスカレーター
esukareetaa
noun escalator
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
えだ
eda
noun branch, bow, bough, twig, limb
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
選ぶ えらぶ
erabu
Godan-bu verb transitive verb to choose, to select
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
お祝い おいわい
oiwai
noun auxillary suru verb honorific language congratulation, congratulations, celebration, festival, congratulatory gift
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
オートバイ
ootobai
noun motorcycle
オーバー
oobaa
  1. na-adjective noun auxillary suru verb abbreviation overcoat
  2. over, exceeding, going beyond, exaggeration
  3. ball hit over the head of an outfielder (baseball)
お蔭 おかげ
okage
  1. noun grace (of God), benevolence (of Buddha), blessing
  2. assistance, help, aid
  3. effects, influence
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
可笑しい おかしい
okashii
  1. adjective usually kana funny, amusing, comical, laughable, ridiculous
  2. usually kana strange, odd, funny, peculiar, weird, unusual, eccentric
  3. usually kana improper, unsuitable, unbecoming
  4. usually kana suspicious
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
お金持ち おかねもち
okanemochi
noun rich person
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
おき
oki
noun open sea
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
おく
oku
numeric 10^8, 100,000,000, hundred million
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
屋上 おくじょう
okujou
noun rooftop
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
贈り物 おくりもの
okurimono
noun present, gift
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
送る おくる
okuru
  1. Godan-ru verb transitive verb to send (a thing), to dispatch, to despatch, to transmit
  2. to take or escort (a person somewhere), to see off (a person)
  3. to bid farewell (to the departed), to bury
  4. to spend (time), to live one's life
  5. to pass (down the line)
  6. to affix okurigana
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
遅れる おくれる
okureru
Ichidan verb intransitive verb to be late, to be delayed, to fall behind schedule, to be overdue
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
起こす おこす
okosu
Godan-su verb transitive verb to raise, to cause, to wake someone
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
行う おこなう
okonau
Godan-u verb transitive verb to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
怒る おこる
okoru
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to get angry, to get mad
  2. Godan-ru verb transitive verb to tell someone off, to scold
  3. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to be angular, to be square
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
押し入れ おしいれ
oshiire
noun closet
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
お嬢さん おじょうさん
ojousan
  1. noun honorific language daughter
  2. young lady
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
お宅 おたく
otaku
  1. noun honorific language your house, your home, your family
  2. honorific language your husband
  3. honorific language your organization
  4. pronoun no-adjective honorific language you (referring to someone of equal status with whom one is not especially close)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
仰っしゃる おっしゃる
ossharu
Godan-aru verb (special) transitive verb usually kana honorific language to say, to speak, to tell, to talk
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
おっと
otto
noun husband
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
お釣り おつり
otsuri
noun polite language change (i.e. money), balance
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
落とす おとす
otosu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to drop, to lose, to let fall, to shed (light), to cast (one's gaze), to pour in (liquid), to leave behind
  2. to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.), to remove (e.g. stains or facial hair), to lose, to spend money at a certain place, to omit, to leave out, to secretly let escape
  3. to lose (a match), to reject (an applicant), to fail (a course), to defeat (in an election)
  4. to lower (e.g. shoulders or voice), to lessen (e.g. production or body weight), to worsen (quality), to reduce (e.g. rank or popularity), to speak badly of, to make light of, to fall into straitened circumstances
  5. to fall into (e.g. a dilemma or sin), to make one's own, to have one's bid accepted, to force surrender, to take (e.g. an enemy camp or castle), to forcefully convince, to press for a confession, to deal with
  6. computer term to download, to copy from a computer to another medium
  7. martial arts to make someone swoon (judo)
  8. to finish a story (e.g. with the punch line)
  9. to finish (a period, e.g. of fasting)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
踊り おどり
odori
noun dance
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
踊る おどる
odoru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to dance (orig. a hopping dance)
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
驚く おどろく
odoroku
Godan-ku verb intransitive verb to be surprised, to be astonished
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
お祭り おまつり
omatsuri
noun polite language festival, feast, carnival
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
お見舞い おみまい
omimai
noun calling on someone who is ill, enquiry, inquiry
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
お土産 おみやげ
omiyage
noun polite language present, souvenir
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
思う おもう
omou
  1. Godan-u verb transitive verb to think, to consider, to believe
  2. to think (of doing), to plan (to do)
  3. to judge, to assess, to regard
  4. to imagine, to suppose, to dream
  5. to expect, to look forward to
  6. to feel, to desire, to want
  7. to recall, to remember
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
玩具 おもちゃ
omocha
noun usually kana toy, plaything
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
おもて
omote
  1. noun surface
  2. face (i.e. the visible side of an object)
  3. front (of a building, etc.), obverse side (i.e. "head") of a coin
  4. outside, exterior
  5. appearance
  6. public
  7. first half (of an innings), top (of an inning)
  8. cover (for tatami mats, etc.)
  9. computer term foreground
Common word
JLPT N4ADD +
おや
oya
  1. noun parent, parents
  2. dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.)
  3. founder
  4. (pet) owner
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
織る おる
oru
Godan-ru verb transitive verb to weave
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N4ADD +
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