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Vocabulary list for JLPT N1

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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
愛想 あいそう
aisou
noun civility, courtesy, compliments, sociability, graces
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
間柄 あいだがら
aidagara
noun relation(ship)
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
合間 あいま
aima
noun no-adjective interval, break, pause, spare moment
Common word
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敢えて あえて
aete
adverb usually kana dare (to do something), venture (often overcoming reluctance, or in the face of probable failure), take upon oneself, challenge, presume, (there is no) need to, (don't) go as far as, definitely (not)
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
仰ぐ あおぐ
aogu
  1. Godan-gu verb transitive verb to look up (at)
  2. to look up (to), to respect, to revere
  3. to ask for, to seek
  4. to turn to someone, to depend on
  5. to gulp down, to quaff, to take (e.g. poison)
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
赤字 あかじ
akaji
  1. noun no-adjective deficit, (being in or going into) the red
  2. red text, red letters
  3. corrections (by a teacher or proofreader) written in red
Common word
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明かす あかす
akasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to pass (e.g. the night), to spend
  2. to reveal, to divulge
Common word
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赤らむ あからむ
akaramu
Godan-mu verb intransitive verb to become red, to redden, to blush
Common word
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上がり あがり
agari
  1. noun suffix ascent, rise, slope
  2. freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops)
  3. advance income, crop yield
  4. death, spinning, completion, stop, finish
  5. after (rain), ex (official, etc.)
  6. (end) results (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out
Common word
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諦め あきらめ
akirame
noun resignation, acceptance, consolation
Common word
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あく
aku
noun evil, wickedness
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
アクセル
akuseru
  1. noun abbreviation accelerator
  2. abbreviation Axel (figure skating jump), axel
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
悪どい あくどい
akudoi
  1. adjective usually kana gaudy, showy, excessive
  2. crooked, vicious
Common word
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あご
ago
noun no-adjective chin, jaw
Common word
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憧れ あこがれ
akogare
noun no-adjective yearning, longing, aspiration
Common word
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あさ
asa
  1. noun cannabis (Cannabis sativa), hemp (plant)
  2. hemp (fiber), linen, flax, jute
Common word
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あざ
aza
noun suffix section of village
Common word
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浅ましい あさましい
asamashii
adjective wretched, miserable, shameful, mean, despicable, abject
Common word
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欺く あざむく
azamuku
  1. Godan-ku verb transitive verb to deceive, to delude, to trick, to fool
  2. to be as ... as ... (e.g. "as bright as day", "as beautiful as a rose")
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
あざ笑う あざわらう
azawarau
Godan-u verb transitive verb usually kana to sneer at, to ridicule
Common word
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悪しからず あしからず
ashikarazu
adverb don't get me wrong, but ..., I'm sorry
Common word
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味わい あじわい
ajiwai
  1. noun no-adjective flavour, flavor
  2. meaning, significance
Common word
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焦る あせる
aseru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to be in a hurry, to be impatient, to be flustered, to lose one's presence of mind, to be surprised
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
褪せる あせる
aseru
Ichidan verb intransitive verb to fade, to discolor, to discolour
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
値する あたいする
ataisuru
suru verb (special) to be worth, to deserve, to merit
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
当たり あたり
atari
  1. noun hit
  2. success
  3. guess, prediction
  4. affability, friendliness
  5. sensation, touch
  6. bruise (on fruit)
  7. situation in which a stone or chain of stones may be captured on the next move (in the game of go)
  8. bite (of a fish on a hook), strike
  9. suffix per, each
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
辺り あたり
atari
  1. noun usually kana on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond)
  2. (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
Common word
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悪化 あっか
akka
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective (suffer) deterioration, growing worse, aggravation, degeneration, corruption
Common word
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扱い あつかい
atsukai
noun noun (suffix) auxillary suru verb treatment, service
Common word
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あっさり
assari
  1. to-adverb auxillary suru verb onomatopia easily, readily, quickly
  2. onomatopia lightly (flavored food, applied makeup)
Common word
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斡旋 あっせん
assen
  1. noun auxillary suru verb kind offices, services, through the good offices of, influence
  2. intercession, mediation
Common word
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圧倒 あっとう
attou
noun auxillary suru verb overwhelm, overpower, overwhelming
Common word
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圧迫 あっぱく
appaku
noun auxillary suru verb pressure, coercion, oppression
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
アップ
appu
  1. noun noun (suffix) auxillary suru verb increasing
  2. noun auxillary suru verb abbreviation uploading
  3. noun abbreviation close-up
  4. noun auxillary suru verb abbreviation finishing shooting (of a film, etc.)
  5. noun up (i.e. of a woman's hair)
  6. being up (i.e. leading in sports)
  7. abbreviation warming up
  8. noun (suffix) being over, being finished
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
誂える あつらえる
atsuraeru
Ichidan verb transitive verb usually kana to give an order, to place an order
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
圧力 あつりょく
atsuryoku
  1. noun physics pressure, stress
  2. coercion, arm-twisting
Common word
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当て あて
ate
  1. noun aim, object, purpose, end
  2. expectations, prospects, hopes
  3. something that can be relied upon
  4. snack served with alcoholic drink
  5. noun (suffix) pad, guard
  6. noun (suffix) noun (prefix) blow, strike
  7. suffix addressed to
  8. usually kana per
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
宛てる あてる
ateru
Ichidan verb transitive verb to address
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
跡継ぎ あとつぎ
atotsugi
noun heir, successor
Common word
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後回し あとまわし
atomawashi
noun putting off, postponing
Common word
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油絵 あぶらえ
aburae
noun oil painting
Common word
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アプローチ
apuroochi
  1. noun auxillary suru verb approach
  2. abbreviation approach shot
Common word
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あべこべ
abekobe
na-adjective noun onomatopia contrary, opposite, inverse
Common word
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甘える あまえる
amaeru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to behave like a spoiled child, to behave like a spoilt child, to fawn on
  2. to take advantage of, to presume upon (e.g. another's benevolence), to depend on
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
雨具 あまぐ
amagu
noun rain gear
Common word
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甘口 あまくち
amakuchi
  1. na-adjective noun no-adjective sweet flavour, sweet flavor, mildness
  2. flattery
  3. stupidity
Common word
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アマチュア
amachua
noun no-adjective amateur
Common word
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あみ
ami
  1. noun net, netting
  2. web
Common word
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操る あやつる
ayatsuru
  1. Godan-ru verb transitive verb to manipulate, to operate, to handle, to operate (e.g. a machine), to steer (a ship)
  2. to have a good command of (a language), to be fluent in
  3. to operate a puppet, to pull the strings of a puppet
  4. to mastermind, to pull the strings, to control from the shadows
  5. archaism to play (a musical instrument)
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
危ぶむ あやぶむ
ayabumu
Godan-mu verb to fear, to have misgivings, to be doubtful, to mistrust
Common word
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あやふや
ayafuya
na-adjective noun onomatopia uncertain, vague, ambiguous
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
過ち あやまち
ayamachi
noun fault, error, indiscretion, faux pas
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
誤る あやまる
ayamaru
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to make a mistake, to err
  2. to mislead, to misguide
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
歩み あゆみ
ayumi
  1. noun walking
  2. progress, advance
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
歩む あゆむ
ayumu
Godan-mu verb intransitive verb to walk, to go on foot
Common word
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予め あらかじめ
arakajime
adverb prenominal beforehand, in advance, previously
Common word
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荒らす あらす
arasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to lay waste, to devastate, to damage
  2. to invade, to break into
  3. colloquialism computer term to troll (e.g. web forums), to spam
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
争い あらそい
arasoi
noun dispute, strife, quarrel, dissension, conflict, rivalry, contest
Common word
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改まる あらたまる
aratamaru
  1. Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to be renewed
  2. to stand on ceremony, to be formal
  3. to take a turn for the worse
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
荒っぽい あらっぽい
arappoi
adjective rough, rude
Common word
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アラブ
arabu
noun no-adjective Arab
Common word
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あられ
arare
  1. noun hail (esp. hailballs under 5 mm), graupel
  2. food term dicing, small cubes
  3. abbreviation roasted mochi pieces (usu. flavoured with soy sauce, etc.)
Common word
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有り様 ありさま
arisama
noun state, condition, circumstances, the way things are or should be, truth
Common word
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有り触れる ありふれる
arifureru
Ichidan verb to be common
Common word
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アルカリ
arukari
noun alkali
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
アルミ
arumi
noun abbreviation aluminum (Al), aluminium
Common word
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アワー
awaa
noun hour
Common word
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合わす あわす
awasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to match (rhythm, speed, etc.)
  2. to join together, to unite, to combine, to add up
  3. to face, to be opposite (someone)
  4. to compare, to check with
  5. to cause to meet (e.g. an unpleasant fate)
  6. to place together, to connect, to overlap
  7. to mix, to combine
  8. to put blade to blade, to fight
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
アンケート
ankeeto
noun questionnaire, survey
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
アンコール
ankooru
noun auxillary suru verb encore
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
暗殺 あんさつ
ansatsu
noun auxillary suru verb assassination
Common word
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暗算 あんざん
anzan
noun auxillary suru verb mental arithmetic
Common word
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暗示 あんじ
anji
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective hint, suggestion
Common word
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案じる あんじる
anjiru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to be anxious or concerned about, to ponder (anxiously), to fear
  2. to investigate, to consider, to plan
  3. to pat, to rub, to take a sword in one's hand
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
安静 あんせい
ansei
na-adjective noun rest, quiet, repose
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +

i
  1. noun na-adjective difference (of opinion)
  2. na-adjective strange, odd, unusual
  3. prefix different
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +

i
  1. noun feelings, thoughts
  2. meaning
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
いい加減 いいかげん
iikagen
  1. na-adjective usually kana irresponsible, perfunctory, careless
  2. lukewarm, half-baked, halfhearted, vague
  3. reasonable, moderate (usu. in suggestions or orders)
  4. adverb considerably, quite, rather, pretty
Common word
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言い訳 いいわけ
iiwake
  1. noun auxillary suru verb excuse
  2. explanation
Common word
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医院 いいん
iin
noun doctor's office (surgery), clinic, dispensary
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
イェス
yesu
interjection yes
家出 いえで
iede
noun auxillary suru verb running away from home, leaving home
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
生かす いかす
ikasu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to make (the best) use of, to leverage (skills, attributes, experience, etc.), to capitalise on (experience, etc)
  2. to let live, to keep alive
  3. to revive, to resuscitate
Common word
JLPT N1ADD +
如何に いかに
ikani
  1. adverb usually kana how, in what way
  2. usually kana however much, however (e.g. easy, rich, sad), whatever, how much
  3. interjection usually kana archaism hey, oi
Common word
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如何にも いかにも
ikanimo
adverb interjection usually kana indeed, really, phrase indicating agreement
Common word
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異議 いぎ
igi
noun objection, dissent, protest
Common word
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生き甲斐 いきがい
ikigai
noun something one lives for, purpose in life, raison d'être
Common word
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経緯 いきさつ
ikisatsu
  1. noun details, particulars, whole story, sequence of events, chronology, circumstances, how it started, how things got this way
  2. longitude and latitude
  3. warp and weft, warp and woof
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N3ADD +
行き違い いきちがい
ikichigai
  1. noun crossing without meeting (e.g. letters in the post, people on the road), going astray
  2. difference of opinion, misunderstanding, estrangement, disagreement
Common word
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育成 いくせい
ikusei
noun auxillary suru verb rearing, training, nurture, cultivation, promotion
Common word
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幾多 いくた
ikuta
adverb noun no-adjective many, numerous
Common word
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生ける いける
ikeru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to arrange (flowers), to plant
  2. prenominal living, live
Common word
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意見 いけん
iken
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective opinion, view, comment
Common word
JLPT N1JLPT N4ADD +
異見 いけん
iken
noun auxillary suru verb different opinion, objection
Common word
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移行 いこう
ikou
noun auxillary suru verb switching over to, migration, transition
Common word
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意向 いこう
ikou
noun intention, idea, inclination
Common word
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いざ
iza
adverb interjection now, come (now), well
Common word
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意地 いじ
iji
noun disposition, spirit, willpower, obstinacy, backbone, appetite
Common word
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いしぶみ
ishibumi
noun stone monument bearing an inscription (esp. memorial for future generations), stele, stela
Common word
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移住 いじゅう
ijuu
noun auxillary suru verb no-adjective migration, immigration
Common word
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