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Vocabulary list for JLPT N5

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Kanji
 
Kana
Definition
あお
ao
  1. noun no-adjective na-adjective blue
  2. green
  3. noun abbreviation green light
  4. black (horse coat color)
  5. prefix immature, unripe, young
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
青い あおい
aoi
  1. adjective blue, green
  2. pale
  3. unripe, inexperienced
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
あか
aka
  1. noun red, crimson, scarlet
  2. red-containing colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange)
  3. colloquialism Red (i.e. communist)
  4. abbreviation red light
  5. abbreviation red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading), (in) the red
  6. no-adjective noun (prefix) complete, total, perfect, obvious
  7. noun copper
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
赤い あかい
akai
  1. adjective red
  2. Red (i.e. communist)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
明るい あかるい
akarui
  1. adjective bright, colourful
  2. cheerful
  3. familiar (with), knowledgeable (about)
  4. fair (e.g. politics), clean
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
あき
aki
noun (temporal) autumn, fall
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
空く あく
aku
  1. Godan-ku verb intransitive verb to open (e.g. doors)
  2. to open (e.g. business, etc.)
  3. to be empty
  4. to be vacant, to be available, to be free
  5. to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.)
  6. to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.)
  7. to come to an end
  8. Godan-ku verb transitive verb to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.)
  9. Godan-ku verb intransitive verb to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
上げる あげる
ageru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to raise, to elevate
  2. to do up (one's hair)
  3. to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.)
  4. to land (a boat)
  5. to deep-fry
  6. to show someone (into a room)
  7. (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.)
  8. to send someone (away)
  9. to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll
  10. to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve
  11. to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice)
  12. to earn (something desirable)
  13. to praise
  14. to give (an example, etc.), to cite
  15. to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.)
  16. to arrest
  17. to nominate
  18. polite language to give
  19. to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.)
  20. to bear (a child)
  21. to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding)
  22. Ichidan verb intransitive verb (of the tide) to come in
  23. Ichidan verb intransitive verb transitive verb to vomit
  24. auxiliary verb Ichidan verb usually kana polite language to do for (the sake of someone else)
  25. suffix Ichidan verb to complete ...
  26. humble language to humbly do ...
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
あさ
asa
adverbial noun noun (temporal) morning
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
朝御飯 あさごはん
asagohan
noun breakfast
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
明後日 あさって
asatte
adverbial noun noun (temporal) day after tomorrow
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
あし
ashi
  1. noun foot
  2. leg
  3. gait
  4. pace
  5. bottom structural component (i.e. radical) of a kanji
  6. means of transportation
  7. archaism money, coin
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
明日 あした
ashita
  1. noun (temporal) tomorrow
  2. near future
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
彼処 あそこ
asoko
  1. pronoun no-adjective usually kana there (place physically distant from both speaker and listener), over there, that place, yonder
  2. noun colloquialism genitals
  3. that far (something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener), that much, that point
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
温かい あたたかい
atatakai
adjective warm, mild, genial
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
新しい あたらしい
atarashii
adjective new, novel, fresh, recent, latest, up-to-date, modern
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
彼方 あちら
achira
  1. pronoun no-adjective usually kana that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder
  2. that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that
  3. pronoun that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener)
  4. there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
厚い あつい
atsui
  1. adjective thick, deep, heavy
  2. kind, cordial, hospitable, warm, faithful
  3. serious (of an illness)
  4. abundant
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
暑い あつい
atsui
adjective hot (weather, etc.), warm
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
あと
ato
  1. noun no-adjective behind, rear
  2. after, later
  3. after one's death
  4. remainder, the rest
  5. descendant, successor, heir
  6. archaism past, previous
  7. adverbial noun more (e.g. five more minutes)
貴方 あなた
anata
  1. pronoun no-adjective usually kana polite language you (referring to someone of equal or lower status)
  2. dear (what a wife calls a husband)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
あに
ani
noun humble language elder brother, older brother
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
あね
ane
noun humble language older sister, elder sister
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
彼の あの
ano
pre-noun adjectival usually kana that (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
Common word
JLPT N4JLPT N5ADD +
アパート
apaato
  1. noun abbreviation apartment building, apartment block, apartment house
  2. abbreviation apartment
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
浴びる あびる
abiru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to dash over oneself (e.g. water), to bathe, to bask in (e.g. the sun), to be flooded with (e.g. light), to shower
  2. to suffer (e.g. an attack), to have abuse heaped upon, to draw criticism upon oneself
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
危ない あぶない
abunai
  1. adjective dangerous, risky, hazardous, perilous, precarious
  2. in danger, in jeopardy, critical, grave, at risk
  3. uncertain, unreliable, insecure, unsteady, doubtful
  4. close (i.e. a close call), narrow
  5. interjection look out!, watch out!
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
あめ
ame
  1. noun food term (hard) candy, toffee
  2. food term rice-sugar, sugar made from the starch of rice, potatoes, etc.
  3. abbreviation amber, yellowish-brown
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
あめ
ame
noun rain
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
洗う あらう
arau
  1. Godan-u verb transitive verb to wash
  2. to investigate
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
在る ある
aru
  1. Godan-ru verb (irregular) intransitive verb usually kana to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live
  2. to have
  3. to be located
  4. to be equipped with
  5. to happen, to come about
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
歩く あるく
aruku
Godan-ku verb intransitive verb to walk
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
あれ
are
  1. noun usually kana that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly)
  2. that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors)
  3. archaism over there
  4. colloquialism down there (i.e. one's genitals)
  5. colloquialism period, menses
  6. interjection usually kana hey (expression of surprise, suspicion, etc.), huh?, eh?
  7. noun usually kana that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
いいえ
iie
  1. interjection usually kana no, nay
  2. usually kana well, er, why
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
いえ
ie
  1. noun house, residence, dwelling
  2. family, household
  3. lineage, family name
幾つ いくつ
ikutsu
  1. adverb usually kana how many?
  2. how old?
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
イクラ
ikura
noun salted salmon roe (i.e. individual mature eggs)
いけ
ike
noun pond
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
医者 いしゃ
isha
noun sensitive (medical) doctor, physician
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
椅子 いす
isu
  1. noun chair, stool
  2. post, office, position
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
忙しい いそがしい
isogashii
adjective busy, hectic, occupied, engaged
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
痛い いたい
itai
  1. adjective painful, sore
  2. adjective suffix exceeding
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
一番 いちばん
ichiban
  1. adverbial noun best, first, number one
  2. game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
何時 いつ
itsu
adverbial noun pronoun usually kana when, how soon
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N5ADD +
五日 いつか
itsuka
  1. noun the fifth day of the month
  2. five days
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
一昨日 いっさくじつ
issakujitsu
adverbial noun noun (temporal) day before yesterday
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
一昨年 いっさくねん
issakunen
adverbial noun noun (temporal) year before last
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
一緒 いっしょ
issho
  1. adverbial noun noun no-adjective together
  2. at the same time
  3. same, identical
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
五つ いつつ
itsutsu
numeric five
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
何時も いつも
itsumo
  1. adverb noun usually kana always, usually, every time
  2. never (with neg. verb)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
いぬ
inu
  1. noun dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris)
  2. snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.)
  3. derogatory loser, asshole
  4. noun (prefix) counterfeit, inferior, useless, wasteful
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
いま
ima
adverbial noun noun now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
意味 いみ
imi
noun auxillary suru verb meaning, significance
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
いもうと
imouto
noun humble language younger sister
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
いや
iya
na-adjective noun disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant, reluctant
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
要る いる
iru
Godan-ru verb intransitive verb to need, to want
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
居る いる
iru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb usually kana to be (of animate objects), to exist
  2. to stay
  3. Ichidan verb auxiliary verb (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
入れる いれる
ireru
  1. Ichidan verb transitive verb to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.), to ink in (e.g. a tattoo)
  2. to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire
  3. to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to
  4. to include
  5. to pay (one's rent, etc.)
  6. to cast (a vote)
  7. to make (tea, coffee, etc.)
  8. to turn on (a switch, etc.)
  9. to send (a fax), to call
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
いろ
iro
  1. noun colour, color
  2. complexion
  3. appearance, look
  4. love, lust, sensuality, love affair, lover
  5. kind, type, variety
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
色々 いろいろ
iroiro
  1. noun na-adjective no-adjective adverb to-adverb various
  2. archaism various colors (colours)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
うえ
ue
  1. noun no-adjective adverbial noun noun (suffix) above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter)
  2. top, summit
  3. surface, on
  4. before, previous
  5. superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder)
  6. on top of that, besides, what's more
  7. upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after)
  8. matters concerning..., as concerns ...
  9. since (i.e. "for that reason")
  10. noun (suffix) honorific language suffix indicating higher social standing
  11. archaism place of one's superior (i.e. the throne)
  12. archaism emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo
  13. archaism noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N5ADD +
後ろ うしろ
ushiro
noun back, behind, rear
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
薄い うすい
usui
  1. adjective thin
  2. pale, light
  3. watery, dilute, sparse
  4. weak (taste, etc.)
  5. slim (probability, etc.), small
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
うた
uta
  1. noun song
  2. classical Japanese poetry (esp. tanka)
  3. modern poetry
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
うち
uchi
  1. noun no-adjective house, home (one's own)
  2. pronoun no-adjective (one's) family, (one's) household
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
生まれる うまれる
umareru
Ichidan verb intransitive verb to be born
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
うみ
umi
noun sea, beach
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
売る うる
uru
Godan-ru verb transitive verb to sell
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
上着 うわぎ
uwagi
noun no-adjective coat, tunic, jacket, outer garment
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +

e
noun noun (suffix) picture, drawing, painting, sketch
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
映画 えいが
eiga
noun no-adjective movie, film
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
映画館 えいがかん
eigakan
noun movie theatre (theater), cinema
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
英語 えいご
eigo
noun no-adjective English (language)
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
ええ
ee
  1. interjection yes, that is correct, right
  2. um, errr
  3. huh?
  4. grrr, gah, Must I?
  5. prenominal good
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
えき
eki
noun station
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
エレベーター
erebeetaa
  1. noun elevator, lift
  2. elevator (aviation)
Common word
JLPT N2JLPT N5ADD +
えん
en
  1. noun yen, Japanese monetary unit
  2. circle
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
鉛筆 えんぴつ
enpitsu
noun pencil
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
多い おおい
ooi
adjective many, numerous
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
大きい おおきい
ookii
adjective big, large, great, loud
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
大勢 おおぜい
oozei
noun no-adjective many, crowd, great number of people
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
お菓子 おかし
okashi
noun confections, sweets, candy
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
お金 おかね
okane
noun polite language money
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
起きる おきる
okiru
  1. Ichidan verb intransitive verb to get up, to rise
  2. to wake up, to be awake, to stay awake
  3. to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
置く おく
oku
  1. Godan-ku verb to put, to place
  2. to leave (behind)
  3. usually kana to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
奥さん おくさん
okusan
noun honorific language wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
お酒 おさけ
osake
noun polite language alcohol, sake
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
お皿 おさら
osara
noun plate, dish
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
お祖父さん おじいさん
ojiisan
  1. noun grandfather
  2. male senior-citizen
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
教える おしえる
oshieru
Ichidan verb transitive verb to teach, to inform, to instruct
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
押す おす
osu
  1. Godan-su verb transitive verb to push, to press
  2. to apply pressure from above, to press down
  3. to stamp (i.e. a passport), to apply a seal
  4. to affix (e.g. gold leaf)
  5. to press (someone for something), to urge, to compel, to influence
  6. to overwhelm, to overpower, to repress
  7. to push (events along), to advance (a plan)
  8. to do in spite of ..., to do even though ..., to force
  9. to make sure
  10. to be pressed for time
  11. to advance troops, to attack
  12. (of light) to be diffused across an entire surface
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
遅い おそい
osoi
  1. adjective slow
  2. late (e.g. "late at night")
  3. too late
  4. archaism dull, stupid
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
お茶 おちゃ
ocha
  1. noun polite language tea (usu. green)
  2. tea break (at work)
  3. tea ceremony
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
お手洗い おてあらい
otearai
noun toilet, restroom, lavatory, bathroom
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
お父さん おとうさん
otousan
noun honorific language father, dad, papa, pa, pop, daddy, dada
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
おとうと
otouto
  1. noun humble language younger brother
  2. archaism pupil, apprentice
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
おとこ
otoko
  1. noun noun (prefix) man, male
  2. noun fellow, guy, chap, bloke
  3. male lover, boyfriend, man
  4. manliness, manly honor, manly honour, manly reputation
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
男の子 おとこのこ
otokonoko
noun boy, male child, baby boy
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
大人 おとな
otona
noun adult
Common word
JLPT N5ADD +
お腹 おなか
onaka
noun polite language stomach
Common word
JLPT N3JLPT N5ADD +
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